Diphyes dispar   Chamisso & Eysenhardt,  1821 (Hydrozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hydrozoa
Order:Siphonophorae
Family:Diphyidae

Image copyrights: Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Description
Max. size: 3.6 cm H.

The anterior nectophore of the polygastric phase is large, up to 36 mm in height, by 18 mm wide. There are 5 ridges, with only one slightly serrated. The teeth on the basal lamella closest to the opening of the nectosac are larger than the outer ones. There are 3 ostial teeth. The hydroecium is very deep. The nectosac tapers to a thin process, which then extends almost to the apex of the nectophore. The somatocyst is sausage shaped and varies in length, but does not reach the end of the nectosac.


Synonym (s)
Diphyes dispar Bigelow, 1911
Diphyes dispar Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821
Diphyes dispar Daniel, 1974
Salpa (Bipartita) lanceolata bipartita Bory de St. Vincent, 1804
Diphyes dispar Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Orissa, Bahuda Estuary (Lat: 19.17) (Long: 84.33) INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• SEYCHELLES
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 1962-1965)
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 1962-1965)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo (Lat: 11.5) (Long: 79.98) INDIA (Record: 02/1962)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Westcoast (Lat: 10.8) (Long: 75.71) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 76.23) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 9.2) (Long: 75.9) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 74.16) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 8.31) (Long: 73.11) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 8.25) (Long: 73.06) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 11.46) (Long: 74.81) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 11.15) (Long: 75.05) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 14.78) (Long: 74.01) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 15.4) (Long: 73.7) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 15.25) (Long: 73.16) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 15.86) (Long: 72.78) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 14.63) (Long: 73.35) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 71.96) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 17.38) (Long: 71.81) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 18.05) (Long: 71.85) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 18.7) (Long: 70.1) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 20) (Long: 71.25) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 20) (Long: 71) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 20) (Long: 70.75) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 20) (Long: 69.5) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 20.93) (Long: 68.83) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 20.33) (Long: 71) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 18.5) (Long: 72.25) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 18.5) (Long: 70.43) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 9.88) (Long: 75.88) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Westcoast (Lat: 15.61) (Long: 71.45) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• West Coast (Lat: 19) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1986-26/09/1986)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Daniel, R (1985) Fauna of India and the adjacent countries (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa: Siphonophora) ZSI 440 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at - http://www.mba.ac.uk/nmbl/publications/occpub/pdf/occ_pub_15.pdf
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Mishra, S and Panigrahy, RC (1999) Zooplankton ecology of the Bahuda estuary(Orissa), east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 297-301 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Daniel, R and Daniel, A (1969) Siphonophora collected during the 35th cruise of the R. V. VITYAZ in the eastern part of the Indian Ocean Symposium on Indian Ocean, Part II 571-574 Available at - Library, CAS, Parangipettai
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Zooplankton taxa Fisheries and oceans Canada Available at - http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/SCI/osap/projects/plankton/zooplankton/default_e.htm
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Krishnamurthy, K Nitrogen and phosphorus in Plankton Hydrobiologia Springer 30(2) 273-280 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00034597
  • Krishnamurthy, K (1965) Seasonal variation in the plankton of Porto Novo waters (India) Hydrobiologia Springer 29(1-2) 226-238 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/n81g3x442qg28ljn/fulltext.pdf
  • Rengarajan, K (1973) Siphonophores obtained during the cruises of R. V. Varuna from the west coast of India and the Laccadive Sea Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 15(1) 125-129 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1580/1/Rao_125-259.pdf
  • Madhupratap, M; Nair, SRS; Haridas, P and Padmavati, G (1990) Response of zooplankton to physical changes in the environment: coastal upwelling along central west coast of India Journal of coastal research Coastal Education and Reserch Foundation 6 413-426 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2439
  • Daniel, R and Daniel, A (1963) On the siphonophores of the Bay of Bengal I.Madras coast2( Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 185-220 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jitlang, I; Pattarajinda, S; Mishra, R and Wongrat, L (2007) Composition, Abundance and Distribution of Zooplankton in the Bay of Bengal The Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management in the Bay of Bengal 65-92 Available at - http://map.seafdec.org/downloads/BIMSTEC/010-Zooplankton-Issaporn.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-06-22

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