Sulculeolaria turgida   (Gegenbaur,  1833) (Hydrozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Hydrozoa

Image copyrights: J. Corbera

A) Anterior nectophore; B) Posterior nectophore

Max. size: 1.5 cm H.

The polygastric stage, anterior nectophore, is conical with a rounded apex, reaching up to 15mm in height. There are no teeth on the ostial margin. Tiny somatocyst, one twentieth of the height of the nectophore. The basal lamella is quite long, divided into two sections by a deep furrow.
Posterior nectophore: About 9 mm long, 2-3.2 mm wide. Ostial teeth absent. Hydroecium is a shallow open groove bounded by hydroecial folds. Mouth plate 2 mm long, smooth, undivided rounded and thin, without notch in margin or thickened middle.

Stem: Both male and female gonophores occur on same stem.

Synonym (s)
Diphyes turgida Gegenbaur, 1853
Sulculeolaria turgida Daniel, 1974
Sulculeolaria angusta Totton, 1954
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• INDIA (Record: 1962-1965, 2003)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 1962-1965)
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 1962-1965)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA (Record: 1962-1965)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 2008)
• West Coast (Lat: 14.63) (Long: 73.35) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• West Coast (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 72.26) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• West Coast (Lat: 18.05) (Long: 71.85) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• West Coast (Lat: 10.83) (Long: 74.85) INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1963)
• Lakshadweep Sea INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep Sea INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Daniel, R (1985) Fauna of India and the adjacent countries (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa: Siphonophora) ZSI 440 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at -
  • Sharaf, GM and AlGhais, SM (1997) Distribution of zooplankton in offshore waters of the west coast of the United Arab Emirates Kuwait Journal of Science & Engineering 24(1) 131-144
  • Daniel, R and Daniel, A (1969) Siphonophora collected during the 35th cruise of the R. V. VITYAZ in the eastern part of the Indian Ocean Symposium on Indian Ocean, Part II 571-574 Available at - Library, CAS, Parangipettai
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Rengarajan, K (1973) Siphonophores obtained during the cruises of R. V. Varuna from the west coast of India and the Laccadive Sea Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 15(1) 125-129 Available at -
  • Rengarajan, K (1983) Quantitative and seasonal abundance of siphonophores along the southwest coast of India and the Laccadive sea Journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 25(1&2) 17-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Daniel, R and Daniel, A (1963) On the siphonophores of the Bay of Bengal I.Madras coast2( Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 185-220 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rengarajan, K (1975) Distribution of siphonophores along the west coast of India and the Laccadive sea Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 17(1) 56-72 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-06

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