Chirocentrus nudus   Swainson,  1839 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Chirocentridae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: Maximum about 100 cm; common 30 to 50 cm

Color: Bluish green on back, flanks silvery; dorsal and anal fins colorless, but base of pectoral fin black.

Body elongate and strongly compressed, strap-like. Belly sharp but without scutes. Mouth large; large canine teeth in both jaws, two canine teeth on pre-maxillae pointing forward. Depth of head at eye 10.3 to 12.3% of standard length. Dorsal fin with 16 to 19 rays. Anal fin with 31 to 37 rays, its origin under that of dorsal fin; anal fin base twice or more than twice the dorsal fin base. Pectoral fin about equal to distance from mid-snout to hind border of gill cover. Pelvic fins small. Sales very small, easily shed.


Synonym (s)
Chirocentrus nudus Swainson, 1839
Chirocentrus russellii Swainson, 1838

Common Name (s)
• Whitefin Wolf Herring (English)
• Gal Katuvalla (Sinhala)
• Kat Kuruvalla (Tamil)
• Wahlah (Telugu)
• Karu valai
• White-fin Wolf-herring
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen, Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Prey:  Small fishes and crustaceans

Biogeography


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.27) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 20.41) (Long: 86.83) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 175 mts)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
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  • Deraniyagala, PEP (1952) A Colored Atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon Ceylon National Museum Publication 1 1-149 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
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  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
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  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3454/1/3.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Nair, VR; Govindan, K; Ramaiah, N and Gajbhiye, SN (1993) Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 91-103 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2779/2/J_Indian_Fish_Assoc_23_91.pdf
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-10

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