Chiloscyllium punctatum   Muller & Henle,  1838 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Orectolobiformes
Family:Hemiscylliidae

Image copyrights: David Harasti

Description
Size: Max length 121 cm TL male/unsexed

Color: Young with dark transverse bands and usually a scattering of a few dark spots, bars not prominently edged with black. Adults light-brown, usually without a color pattern.

Body and tail moderately slender; mouth rounded anteriorly and well in front of eyes; a short barbel next to each nasal opening; dorsal fins with elongated free rear tips, first dorsal fin origin oppposite to anterior halves of pelvic bases; anal fin long and just anterior to caudal fin. No lateral ridges on trunk. Dorsal fins larger than pelvic fins, with projecting free rear tips. Body without lateral dermal ridge. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Oviparous, with rounded egg cases. Paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk.

Can survive up to 12 hours out of water.


Synonym (s)
Chiloscyllium griseum (non Muller & Henle, 1838)
(Misapplied name)
Chiloscyllium hasselti (non Bleeker, 1852)
(Misapplied name)
Chiloscyllium indicum (non Gmelin, 1879)
(Misapplied name)
Chiloscyllium margaritiferum Bleeker, 1863
(Junior synonym)
Chiloscyllium plagiosum (non Anon, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Hemiscyllium punctatum Muller & Henle, 1838
(Senior synonym)
Scyllium punctatum Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1823
(Ambiguous synonym)
Squalus russellianus Blainville, 1816
(Ambiguous synonym)
Hemiscyllium punctaturn (Muller & Henle, 1838)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Brown Banded Bamboo Shark (English)
• Brown-Banded Catshark (English)
• Brown Spotted Catshark (English)
• Catshark (English)
• Gray Carpet Shark (English)
• Spotted Catshark (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Utilized as food, for its meat and fins; aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Bottom invertebrates and small fish
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rutland Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Milton, MCJ and Raghuram, KP (2003) Handbook on sharks of Indian waters ZSI, Kolkata 1-113
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mould, B (1999) Classification of the recent Elasmobranchiia A classification of the living sharks and rays of the world Third edition Available at - http://vsb.life.nottingham.ac.uk/elasmobranch/sharkray1.htm
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Compagno, LJV; Last, PR; Stevens, JD and MNR, Alava (2005) Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes CSIRO Marine Laboratories 104 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Scuba equipment USA - Marine species gallery Available at - http://www.scuba-equipment-usa.com/marine/index.html
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Rajan, PT; Rao, DV; Devi, K and Dey, S (1993) New records of rare fishes from Andaman Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 9(1&2) 103-106 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-28

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