Cephalopholis miniata   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Serranidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: Maximum 40 cm.

Color: Orange red, with numerous small blue spots on body, head and median fins; blue spots extend onto maxilla and lips, but not on underside of lower jaw. Pectoral fins orange red at base, rest of fin yellow orange.

Body depth 2.5 to 2.9 times in standard length, less than head length. Maxilla scaly, reaches to or beyond vertical at rear edge of orbit; preopercle rounded, the lower edge fleshy; lower gillrakers 14 to 16. Dorsal fin with 9 spines and 14 to 16 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays; pectoral fin rays 17 or 18; anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays; pectoral fins 1.3 to 1.7 times in head; pelvic fins 1.7 to 2.3 times in head, not reaching past anus; caudal and anal fins rounded. Pored lateral line scales 47 to 56; lateral scale series 99 to 115.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.


Synonym (s)
Perca miniata Forsskal, 1775
Epinephelus miniatus Forsskal, 1775
Cephalopholis boninius Jordan & Thompson, 1914
Cephalopholis formosanus Tanaka, 1911
Cephalopholis maculatus Seale & Bean, 1907
Cephalopholis miniatus (Forsskal, 1775)
(Misspelling)
Cephalopolis miniatus (Forsskal, 1775)
(Misspelling)
Pomacentrus burdi Lacepede, 1802
Serranus cyanostigmatoides Bleeker, 1849
Serranus miniatus (Forsskal, 1775)
Serranus perguttatus De Vis, 1884

Common Name (s)
• Grouper Miniatus (English)
• Vermillion Seabass (English)
• Vermilion Rock Cod (English)
• Coral Cod (English)
• Blue Spotted Rckcod (English)
• Coral Grouper (English)
• Coral Hind (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish and aquarium. Marketed fresh and dried salted, Ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes and crustaceans
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 12.53) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Kerala, Melekkel INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 20-28 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala INDIA
• Kerala, Enayam INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 10-14 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sluka, RD and Lazarus, S (2010) Grouper (Pisces: Serranidae) relative abundance and diversity on the west coast of India Marine Biodiversity Records Cambridge University Press 3 1-3 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1755267210000606
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-13

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