Cephalopholis boenak   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: Max length 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Brownish to greenish grey with dusky vertical bands over the body. White margins and black sub-margins on the median fins.

Preopercle rounded, very finely serrate; no enlarged spines at angle, lower edge fleshy. Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Max. age reported: 11 years

Synonym (s)
Bodianus boenak Bloch, 1790
(Senior synonym)
Epinephelus boelang (Valenciennes, 1828)
(Junior synonym)
Serranus boelang Valenciennes, 1828
(Junior synonym)
Cephalopholis pachycentron (Valenciennes, 1828)
(Junior synonym)
Serranus boenak (Bloch, 1790)
(Senior synonym)
Serranus nigrofasciatus Hombron & Jacquinot, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Serranus pachycentron Valenciennes, 1828
(Junior synonym)
Serranus stigmapomus Richardson, 1846
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Chocolate Hind (English)
• Brownbarred Rockcod (English)
• Brownbarred Grouper (English)
• Brown Coral Cod (English)
• Blue Line Grouper (English)
• Chocolate Grouper (English)
• Brown Banded Seabass (English)
• Bluelined Coralcod (English)
• Rock Cod (English)
• Kolaji (Kannada)
• Kolamin (Malayalam)
• Varianchammam (Malayalam)
• Gobra (Marathi)
• Hekaru (Marathi)
• Kalava (Tamil)
• Verri Cullawah (Tamil)
• Bontoo (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen. Aquarium.)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(This species is heavily exploited in some areas in southeast Asia now that many larger groupers have become severely reduced in commercial catches.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans and fishes
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 12.53) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-14

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