Cephalopholis argus   Bloch & Schneider,  1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Serranidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 60.0 cm TL (male).

Color: Dark brown in color, with small black-edged ocelli; 5-6 pale bars on rear part of body; large pale area over chest; distal part of pectorals sometimes maroon brown; triangular membranes at tips of dorsal fin spines orange-gold in color.

Head 2.4-2.6 in standard length, 3.0-3.2 in total length. Depth of body 2.8-3.1 in standard length, 3.6-3.8 in total length. Eye diameter 5.7-6.5 in head, about 1.5-1.7 in snout and equal to interorbital space. Maxillary reaching far posterior to a level from hind border of eye. Posterior dorsal fin spines subequal, shorter than twice diameter of eye. Second anal fin spine slightly longer than third. Pectoral fin equal to or shorter than postorbital part of head. Ventral fin shorter than half length of head.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: IX, 15-16; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 8-9; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 16-17; number of spines and rays in the ventral fins: I, 5; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 95-108; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 13-15+1+34-38.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Bodianus guttatus Bloch, 1790
(Ambiguous synonym)
Bodianus jacobevertsen Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Cephalopholis miniatus (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Cephalopolis argus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Epinephelus argus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Serranus guttatus (Bloch, 1790)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Serranus immunerur Thiolliere, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Serranus myriaster Valenciennes, 1828
(Junior synonym)
Serranus thyrsites Saville-Kent, 1893
(Ambiguous synonym)
Epinephelus argus Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Serranus guttatus Day, 1878
Cephalopolis argus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Peacock Grouper (English)
• Argus Grouper (English)
• Blue Spotted Grouper (English)
• Grouper (English)
• Kawakawa (English)
• Peacock Coral Cod (English)
• Peacock Hind (English)
• Peacock Rockcod (English)
• Worldwide Peacock Rockcod (English)
• Balufana (Hindi)
• Neelachammam (Malayalam)
• Balufana (Hindi)
• Bulufana (Mahl)
• Neelachammam (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium, Ornamental fish
Reported to cause ciguatera poisoning)
(Subject to increasing fishery pressure.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Bentho Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, crustaceans, polychaetes
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 12.53) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll (Lat: 8) (Long: 71) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Red Sea
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 3-16 mts)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 3-11 mts)
• Kerala, Muttom INDIA (Record: 01/2002-04/2002, 09/2002-12/2002) (Depth: 8-16 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-10-17

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