Catla catla [Status Unaccepted]   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Khan, MM

Size (male): 182 cm TL

Max. published weight: 38.6 kg

Body deep, with depth 2.5 to 3 times in standard length. Has a large, upturned mouth, with a prominent protruding lower jaw. Pectoral fins long, extending to pelvic fins; scales conspicuously large.

Dioecious, external fertilization.

Remarks: Rare in hirakud region

Synonym (s)
Catla buchanani Valenciennes, 1844
Catla catla Shaw & Shebbeare, 1937
Cyprinus abramioides Sykes, 1841
Cyprinus catla Hamilton, 1822
Hypselobarbus(Tambra) abramioides Bleeker, 1860
Hypselobarbus abramioides Bleeker, 1860
Leuciscus catla Valenciennes, 1841
Catla buchanani Valenciennes, 1844
(Junior synonym)
Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Cyprinus abramioides Sykes, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Cyprinus catla Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Gibelion catla (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Hypselobarbus abramioides (Sykes, 1839)
(Junior synonym)
Leuciscus catla (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Bhakua (Assamese)
• Catla (English)
• Dhekerah
• Major Carp
• Katla (Bengali)
• Baudhekera (Assamese)
• Baudhekra (Assamese)
• Pla Kra Ho (Bengali)
• Catla Catla (English)
• Bawas (Gujarati)
• Tambra (Gujarati)
• Thambra (Gujarati)
• Catla (Hindi)
• Boassa (Hindi)
• Chepti (Hindi)
• Bhakur (Hindi)
• Katla (Hindi)
• Catla (Kannada)
• Karacatla (Malayalam)
• Catla (Malayalam)
• Tambra (Marathi)
• Catla (Marathi)
• Katala (Marathi)
• Pla Kra Ho (Marathi)
• Bahkur (Oriya)
• Barkur (Oriya)
• Bhakur (Oriya)
• Theil (Punjabi)
• Theila (Punjabi)
• Thaila (Punjabi)
• Boassa (Rajasthani)
• Kanavi (Tamil)
• Koora-Kendai (Tamil)
• Thoppa (Tamil)
• Theppu Meenu (Tamil)
• Thopaameenu (Tamil)
• Theppu Meen (Tamil)
• Japan Kendai (Tamil)
• Meen (Tamil)
• Thoppu meen (Tamil)
• Yamaneri kendai (Tamil)
• Botchee (Telugu)
• Botcha (Telugu)
• Krishnabotcha (Telugu)
• Bhakur
• Bao
• Katla
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; highly commercial, aquaculture, gamefish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Prey:  Diatoms, insects and planktonic copepods. Juveniles feeding on aquatic and terrestrial insects, detritus and phytoplankton.


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Jagadala INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Gopal, CK; Varghese, TJ and Keshavanath, P (1989) Morphological features of catla-mrigal and mrigal-catla hybrids and their comparison with the parental species Fish Genetics in India Jhingran,-A.G.-Eds. New-Delhi-India Today-And-Tomorrow'-S-Printers-And-Publishers
  • Haldar, DP; Das, MK and Sharma, BK (1983) Studies on protozoan parasites from fishes. Four new species of the genera Henneguya Thelohan, 1892, Thelohanellus Kudo, 1933, and Myxobolus Buetschli, 1892 Archiv fuer Protistenkunde 127(3) 283-296 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Karmakar, AK and Datta, AK (1988) On a collection of fish from Bastar district, Madhya Pradesh Occasional paper no 98 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 18264 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Johnsingh, AJT (2001) The Kalakad-Mundanthurai tiger reserve: A global heritage of biological diversity Current Science Indian Acadamy of Sciences 80(3) 378-388 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Job, TJ; David, A; Das, KN (1955) Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakud dam Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 2(1) 1-36 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, UK; Kapoor, D; Paul, SK; Pathar, Ak; Basheer, VS; Deepak, PK; Srivastava, SM and Tyagi, LK (2007) Fish Biodiversity in the water bodies of samaspur bird sanctuary Uttar Pradesh: towards developing a freshwater aquatic sanctuary Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(1) 51-54 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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