Caranx sexfasciatus   Quoy & Gaimard,  1825 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Max. size: 120 cm.

Max. published weight: 18.0 kg.

Color: Dusky grey or bluish green above and silvery white below. A black spot is present on operculum. The soft dorsal and anal fins are dusky with white tipped lobes and the caudal fin is dusky with a yellow tinge.

Compressed body with upper and lower profiles about are equal. The body of the fish, including the breast is covered with minute scales. Head 3.1-3.4 in standard length, 4.0-4.3 in total length. Depth of body 2.6-3.6 in standard length, 3.3-4.5 in total length. Dorsal profile of head strongly arched. Eye with a posterior adipose lid, eye diameter 3.8-5.2 in head, equal to or shorter than snout and about 1.1-1.3 in convex interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below posterior third of eye in juveniles and to below hind border of eye in large adults. Teeth in upper jaw in a band with the outer row enlarged; single series of teeth in lower jaw; teeth present on vomer, palatines and tongue. Anterior part of lateral line arched, 1/3 –1/4 shorter than straight part having 30-33 scutes and beginning below 5th to 8th dorsal ray. Breast completely scaly. Pectoral fin falcate, lightly longer than head. Anterior lobe of soft dorsal fin longer than half length of head; anterior lobe of anal fin slightly shorter.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: VII-VIII; number of spines in the second dorsal fin: I, 19-21; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: II, I, 15-17; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 18-19; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 90-95; gill raker count: 6-7+1+15-17.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Caranx elacate Jordan and Evermann, 1933
Caranx belengerii Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Carangus rhabdotus Jenkins, 1903
(Junior synonym)
Carangus marginatus Gill, 1863
(Junior synonym)
Caranx butuanensis Seale, 1910
(Junior synonym)
Caranx elacate Jordan & Evermann, 1903
(Junior synonym)
Caranx flavocoeruleus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
(Junior synonym)
Caranx forsteri Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Caranx fosteri Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Caranx marginatus (Gill, 1863)
(Junior synonym)
Caranx oshimai Wakiya, 1924
(Junior synonym)
Caranx paraspistes Richardson, 1848
(Junior synonym)
Caranx peronii Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Caranx sexfaciatus elacate (Jordan & Evermann, 1903)
(Junior synonym)
Caranx sexfaciatus marginatus (Gill, 1863)
(Junior synonym)
Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
(Senior synonym)
Caranx tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Caranx thompsoni Seale, 1905
(Junior synonym)
Caranx xanthopygus Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Caranx hippos Day, 1878
Caranx (Caranx) sexfasciatus Weber and de Beaufort, 1931
Carangoides sexfasciatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
(Subsequent combination)

Common Name (s)
• Bigeye Trevally (English)
• Dusk jack (English)
• Six banded trevally (English)
• Tille jack (English)
• Bangada (Gujarati)
• Kala Bangada (Gujarati)
• Gondlu (Kannada)
• Digufanihandi (Mahl)
• Korakali (Mahl)
• Vatta (Malayalam)
• Varayan-para (Malayalam)
• Kuluvel (Malayalam)
• Maduthala (Malayalam)
• Kala Bangada (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, gamefish; Consumed broiled and baked.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans, squid, cuttlefish and small fish
Predator:  Bony fishes (Seriola rivoliana, Carcharhinus falciformis, Lobotes surinamensis, Caranx sexfaciatus)

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Gulf of Oman
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman Sea
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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