Carangoides praeustus   (Anonymous [Bennett],  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Cook, DC

Description
Size (male): 25.0 cm TL

Color: Body brownish above, silvery below; no opercular spot. Fins yellow with dusky tips.

Body oblong and compressed, its dorsal profile more convex than ventral. Head profile steep, with a shallow concavity before eyes. Eye diameter 3.0 to 3.5 times in head length. Teeth in jaws in villiform bands, the outer row in upper jaw somewhat enlarged, in lower jaw posteriorly reduced to a single row. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine (partially embedded in skin) and 8 normal weak spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 23 to 24 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 19 or 20 soft rays. Pectoral fins falcate. Scales conspicuous; breast fully scaled. Lateral line moderately curved till below 7th to 9th soft dorsal ray, the straight part conspicuously shorter than the curved; with 25 to 30 scutes.


Synonym (s)
Carangoides praeustus ([Bennett, 1830])
(Senior synonym)
Caranx ire Cuvier, 1833
(Junior synonym)
Caranx melanostethos Day, 1865
(Junior synonym)
Caranx praeustus Anonymous [Bennett], 1830
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Brownback Trevally (English)
• Brown-backed trevally (English)
• Oolompara (Malayalam)
• Tiran (Oriya)
• Iro-parah (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Tongnunui, P; Ikejima, K; Yamane, T; Horinouch, M; Medej, T; Sano, M; Kurokura, H and Taniuchi, T (2002) Fish fauna of the Sikao Creek mangrove estuary,Trang, Thailand Fisheries Science 68 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1137/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-11

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