Carangoides gymnostethus   (Cuvier,  1833) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Max.size: 90 cm

Color: Body greenish above, silvery below; diffuse opercular spot present.

Body rather elongate and compressed. Eye diameter 4.2 to 5.0 times in head length. Upper jaw (maxilla) reaching just beyond front edge of eye in young, but not to eye in adults. Teeth in villiform bands in both jaws. Gill rakers 19 or 20 on first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent (forward pointing) spine (partially embedded in skin) and 7 or 8 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 27 to 31 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 23 to 26 soft rays; soft dorsal and anal fins with anterior falcate lobes. Pectoral fins long, falcate. Scales small; breast naked ventrally and laterally in a triangular area from behind pelvic fin origin to base of pectoral fin. Lateral line anteriorly with a long shallow and regular arch, joins lateral line straight under 14th soft dorsal ray; acutes feeble, 15 to 20 on straight portion.

Synonym (s)
Caranx gymnostethus Cuvier, 1833
(Senior synonym)
Carangoides gymnostethoides Bleeker, 1851
(Junior synonym)
Caranx gymnostethoides (Bleeker, 1851)
(Junior synonym)
Ferdauia claeszooni prestonensis Whitley, 1947
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Bludger (English)
• Nakedbreast Trevally (English)
• Bludger Trevally
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small invertebrates and fishes
Predator:  Carcharhinus tilstoni (shark)


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Lin, PL and Shao, KT (1999) A review of the carangid fishes (family Carangidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of four new records Zoological Studies 28(1) 33-68 Available at - ZOOR:ZOOR13500065371
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pet discounters Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-18

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