Carangoides chrysophrys   Valenciennes,  1833 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: Maximum 60 cm; common 30 cm

Color: Body green blue above, silvery white below; a black pot on operculum. Fins pale.

Body ovoid and compressed; head profile smoothly convex at nape but straight anteriorly. Eye diameter 4.5 to 5.0 times in head length and about 2 times in snout length. Upper jaw (maxilla) reaching to below first quarter of eye diameter. Teeth in jaws in villiform bands, with a few outer teeth enlarged. Gill rakers 15 to 17 on lower arm of first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent (forward pointing) spine and 8 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 18 to 20 soft rays. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 15 to 17 soft rays; dorsal and anal fin bases nearly equal. Pectoral fins falcate. Scales on body small; breast naked from anterior third of pelvic fin up to and including base of pectoral fin, and forward to isthmus. Lateral line with a long and low regular arch, joints lateral line straight under 12th to 14th soft dorsal ray; 17 to 26 feeble scutes on lateral line.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Caranx chrysophrys Cuvier, 1833
Carangoides chrysophryoides Bleeker, 1851
Carangoides chrysophyra (Cuvier, 1833)
(Misspelling)
Caranx nigrescens Day, 1867
Caranx typus Gilchrist & Thompson, 1917

Common Name (s)
• Longnose Trevally (English)
• Dusky Trevally (English)
• Longnose Cavalla (English)
• Tanga Parah (Tamil)
• Long-nose Trevally
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Shrimp, crabs, cattle fish, small fish

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • (1982) A colour guide to the fishes of the south China sea and the Andaman sea Seafood Industries Association, Singapore Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sreenivasan, PV (1974) On two new records of carangid fishes from Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 21 (1) 20-28 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1137/1/Article_04.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-11

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