Pandion haliaetus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: 55-58 cm; Length 55-58 cm; Range mass 1200 to 2000 g; Range wingspan 145 to 170 cm

Color: Dark brown above, white below; facial mast brown; dusky streaks form an irregular band on breast; underwing coverts white, flight feathers and under tail barred dark and light. Immature like adult. Bare parts: iris yellow; bill black with blue-grey cere; feet and legs blue-grey.

Voice: A short cheeping whistle kai, kai, kai.

Habits: Usually solitary frequently perches on dead trees in vicinity of wetlands.

Sexes alike. Adult: Head white with dark brown band through the eye, white underbody and under wing-coverts with black carpal patch. Juvenile: Similar to adult but has buff tips to upperparts, including coverts, rust breast band prominent in adult is poorly defined.

Nesting: In Europe the season is April to June. Its alleged breeding in the Himalayas, and elsewhere within Indian limits has not been proven.

usually preys on poor grade fish such as suckers and sunfish but has been seen carrying small salmon.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Osprey (English)
• Machhlimaar (Hindi)
• Machharang (Hindi)
• Machhmanga, Machhariya (Hindi)
• Talipparundu (Malayalam)
• Koramen gadda (Telugu)
• Vraal addipan (Tamil)
• Kaiikar (Marathi)
• Machhimaar, Matsya bhoj (Gujrati)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ospreys may be a valuable indicator species for monitoring the long-term health of large rivers, bays and estuaries. Ospreys are well-suited to this role because of their piscivorous lifestyle and their known sensitivity to many contaminants. They are also relatively easily studied because they have conspicuous nests and are tolerant of short-term disturbance such as nest observations by researchers. The presence of ospreys may also benefit local economies by boosting ecotourism.)
Importance:  Ecosystem balance
(While ospreys provide food for some species, it is unlikely that they represent a significant portion of the diet of any species. Ospreys do prey on fish, and are likely have some effect on local fish populations. Like most predators, ospreys are host to many different species of parasites, including feather mites. They are not parasitic or mutualistic with any other species.

Ospreys nests are used by many species of birds other than ospreys. Smaller cavity-nesting species, such as common grackles, tree swallows, barn swallows, European starlings and house sparrows build nests within osprey nests. Other larger species will usurp osprey nests for their own use in the spring before the resident ospreys return. In North America, these species include great blue herons, Canada geese, bald eagles, Red-tailed hawks, Great horned owls, herring gulls and common ravens.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Chiefly fish.
Predator:  Great horned owls (Bubo virginianus) raccoons (Procyon lotor) Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus) bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Goa INDIA (Record: 27/12/1972, 15/03/2004, 13/09/2004)
• Goa, Terekhol INDIA
• Goa, Agarwaddo marshes INDIA
• Goa, Morjim INDIA
• Goa, Chapora estuary INDIA
• Goa, Anjuna INDIA
• Goa, Baga creek INDIA
• Goa, Candolim INDIA
• Goa, Nerul creek INDIA
• Goa, Chorao INDIA
• Goa, Divar INDIA
• Goa, Cumbarjua canal INDIA
• Goa, Santa Cruz creek INDIA
• Goa, Velsao beach INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Nagaland INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Satara district INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-07-23

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