Callionymus sagitta   Pallas,  1770 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 11 cm.

Color: Head and body sand yellow, covered with numerous small dark spots. Ventral sides whitish. Dorsal fin black, first membrane often (at least basally) whitish in females. Anal fin white. Second dorsal, caudal, pectoral, and pelvic fins spotted with brown.

Height 8.1-9, 10-11.7 in length with caudal. Head measured from branchial opening to tip of snout 3.3-4, 4.2-5.7 in length with caudal. Breath of head between the preopercular processes equal to the length, measured as above. Eye 3.1-4.2, 1-1.5 in snout. Inter orbital space very narrow, three eight to one fourth of eye. Snout pointed, when seen from above. Lower jaw slightly included. Maxillary not reaching to below front border of eye. Bands of villi form teeth in the jaws. Preopercular process curved with one straight feeble spine directed forwards, anteriorly, and spine curved inwards posteriorly. Four or five spines along the inner side of the process. Branchial openings about one eye diameter and a half behind eyes. Lateral lines of both sides beginning between branchial openings, connected by a transverse branch, each continued forward as a sensory canal. These canals diverging widely and bifurcating at upper end of preopercle, one branch running forwards to below eye, the other running backwards and downwards, and ending on opercle. The lateral lines of both sides run to the base of the caudal and are again connected near their end by a branch crossing the back of the caudal peduncle near the base of caudal. First dorsal half as high as the body, the first spine which is close to the second, shorter than eye. Anterior and posterior rays of dorsal somewhat longer than the median ones and slightly less than eye and snout together. Anal rays increasing in length posteriorly, the last one equal to snout and half eye. Pectorals and ventrals sub equal in length, slightly less than head. Caudal slightly rounded, the membranes between the rays incised. Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal soft rays: 9.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Callionymus kitaharae (non Jordan & Seale, 1906)
Callionymus sagitta Day, 1876
Callionymus sagitta Talwar and Jhingran, 1991
Repomucenus sagitta (Pallas, 1770)
Callionymus sagitta Bonnaterre, 1788
Callionymus sagitta Lacepede, 1800
Callionymus sagitta Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1837
Callionymus sagitta Bleeker, 1850
Callionymus sagitta Gunther, 1861
Callionymus sagitta Day, 1876
Callionymus sagitta Bleeker, 1879
Callionymus sagitta Johnstone, 1904
Callionymus sagitta Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Callionymus sagitta M. Weber, 1913
Callionymus sagitta Fowler and Bean, 1927
Callionymus sagitta Herre, 1934
Callionymus sagitta Blegvad, 1944

Common Name (s)
• Arrow Headed Dragonet (English)
• River Dragonet (English)
• Arrow Headed Dragonet (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos


• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Devipatnam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Ranking of fishes harvested from creeks at Dahanu in west coast of India AFSIB, Mangalore and AoA, Bhubaneswar 319-326 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, VR; Govindan, K; Ramaiah, N and Gajbhiye, SN (1993) Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 91-103 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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