Caesio lunaris   Cuvier,  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 35 cm

Color: Bright blue becoming whitish ventrally

Body is elongate and moderately compressed with its depth being 2.5 to 3.0 times in standard length. The mouth is small and obliquely positioned. Fine, minute teeth in 1 or 2 rows occur in both jaws. The fish has a single dorsal fin with 10 weak spines and 13 to 14 soft rays, an anal fin with 3 spines and 10 to 11 soft rays, and a caudal fin which is deeply forked and has slender pointed lobes. Scales in rows also occur, eunning horizontally above and below the lateral line. Upper and lower profile evenly convex. Profile of head descending in an evenly curved line from nape to snout. Height 2.4, 3.2in length with caudal. Head 3.1, 4.1 in length with caudal. Eye 4.4, slightly less than snout.

Inter orbital space very convex. Mouth very oblique. Maxillary truncate behind, reaching to below front border of eye. A villiform band of teeth, with an outer row of enlarged teeth, in both jaws, the band in the lower jaw not continued on the sides, where only one row of teeth is present. Vomer with a narrow band of minute teeth. Snout and region round eye naked. A sharply defined scaly band in temporal region, about 3 scales deep and 19 scales long, beginning in temporal region and running upwards to dorsal profile, separated from that of the other side by a scaleless inter space, seldom the two bands are united. Behind this band and separated from it by a scaleless inter-space about 20 rows of scales to origin of dorsal. Opercular region scaly, with exception of the posterior and inferior preopercular limb. Origin of dorsal above origin of ventrals. First dorsal spine minute, third longest, equal to postorbital part of head, the fin decreasing in height posteriorly. Last dorsal ray equal to eye. Origin of anal below third dorsal ray. First anal spine minute, second and third sub-equal, as long as snout. Last anal ray as long as eye.
Pectorals long and pointed, half diameter of eye longer than length of head. Origin of ventrals nearer to origin of anal than to corner of mouth, about as long as postorbital part of head and half eye together. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes more or less rounded. Height of caudal peduncle 1.3 in its length, equal to snout and one third of eye together.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Caesio lunaris Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Coesio lunaris Lesson, 1830
Caesio lunaris Ruppell, 1837
Caesio lunaris Bleeker, 1851
Caesio lunaris Gunther, 1850
Caesio lunaris Klunzinger, 1870
Caesio lunaris Bleeker, 1877
Caesio lunaris Klunzinger, 1884
Caesio lunaris Seale and Bean, 1908
Caesio lunaris Bean and Weed, 1912
Caesio lunaris Fowler and Bean, 1922
Caesio lunaris Vinciguerra, 1926
Caseio lunaris Fowler, 1928
Caesio lunaris Duncker and Mohr, 1929
Caesio lunaris Fowler, 1934
Caesio lunares Cuvier, 1830
Pterocaesio lunaris (Cuvier, 1830)

Common Name (s)
• Lunar Fusilier (English)
• Blue Fusilier (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Pelagic, Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Persian Gulf
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Wahbeh, MI (1992) Some aspects of reproduction and growth of three species of fusilier (Pisces: Caesionidae) from Aqaba, Red Sea, Jordan Dirasat Series B Pure and Applied Sciences 19B(4) 157-172 Available at - ZOOR:ZOOR13100008430
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Wall, F (1910) A popular treatise on the common Indian snakes Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society BNHS Part XIII with 65-79
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (1993) Further new records of fishes from Bay Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 9(1&2) 50-57 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-05

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