Butis gymnopomus   Bleeker,  1853 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 115 cm.

Color: Dusky green to olivous above, lighter to orange below. Laterally on body 7-8 longitudinal dark stripes and small spots. First dorsal fin dusky, posteriorly yellowish red. Pectoral fin orange to red, base with dark spot. Second dorsal, ventral and anal fin dusky, bordered with red. Caudal fin dusky, with dark spots, bordered above and below with red. Rays of second dorsal fin spotted.

Body elongate, anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 4 3/4 - 5 in length, 5 1/2 - 6 in total length. Head pointed, depressed, 2 3/4 - 3 in length, 3 2/5 - 3 3/4 in total length. Profile straight to a little concave. Eye 5-6 in head, interorbital 1 eye diameter. Crest between the eyes denticulated. Snout pointed, 2 eye diameters, tip before middle of eye, or lower margin of eye. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below anterior part of eye. Teeth small, pointed, in many rows, those of inner and outer row enlarged. Supraopercular groove distinct. A number of mucous canals radiate under eye, one indistinct longitudinal canal on cheek. Two or three open pores on posterior margin of preopercle. An open pore on each side in interorbital, some pores along orbital crest. Snout, interorbital and cheek naked, head only scaled above behind eye and on opercle with ctenoid scales, partly with auxiliaries. Scales of breast and belly cycloid, of nape and laterally on body ctenoid without auxiliaries. No scales between eye and orbital crest. Inter operculum naked. Five scales in a transversal line before base of caudal fin. Caudal peduncle 2 times longer than high. First dorsal fin pointed, half of height of body, second and third rays are the longest. Second dorsal and anal fin higher than first dorsal fin, about s high as body, upper margin concave, posteriorly pointed, in male last ray of second dorsal fin prolonged. Pectoral fin obtuse, about as long as head without snout. Ventral fin a little shorter. Caudal fin shorter than head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Butis gymnopomus Bleeker, 1857
Butis gymnopomus Herre, 1936
Butis gymnopomus Koumans, 1941
Eleotris gymnopomus Bleeker, 1853

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1953)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Hippocampus Bildarchiv Available at - http://www.hippocampus-bildarchiv.com/

Page last updated on:2011-08-10

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