Awaous grammepomus   (Bleeker,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 14-15 cm.

Color: Oliver green, lighter below. Head violet to olive green, two oblique blackish streaks from eye to maxillary. Back and sides with irregular blackish streaks. Caudal fin with 7-9 transversal blackish streaks. In middle of base of caudal fin and superiorly on base of pectoral fin a blackish dot. Ventral and caudal fin often blackish violet.

Body elongate, anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 4 1/2 - 6 1/2 in length, 5 1/2 - 7 1/2 in total length. Head obtuse, convex, 3 1/3 - 3 3/4 in length, profile convex. Eye 4-5 in head, inter orbital 2/5 - 1 eye diameter. Snout obtuse, in young specimens a little longer than eye, in adult much longer than eye, tip below lower margin of eye. Lips thick. Upper jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below anterior margin of eye or not so far. Teeth in lower jaw equal, in upper jaw outer row a little enlarged. Tongue bilobate. Scales of head cycloid. Head scaled above behind eye and along upper margin of opercle, sometimes some scales along posterior margin of preopercle. Scales of breast and belly cycloid, of body ctenoid. Distance between the dorsal fins less than diameter of eye. First dorsal fin about as high as body, second third and fourth rays are the longest. Second dorsal and anal fin lower than body, pointed posteriorly. Pectoral fin obtuse, longer than head without snout. Ventral fin obtuse, not, or a little shorter than pectoral fin. Caudal fin obtusely truncate, a little shorter than head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Gobius melanocephalus Bleeker, 1849
Gobius personatus Bleeker, 1851
Gobius grammepomus Bleeker, 1855
Gobius grammepomus Gunther, 1861
Gobius stoliczkae Day, 1870
Gobius personatus Day, 1878
Gobius grammepomus M. Weber, 1894
Gobius melanocephalus M. Weber and De Beaufort, 1912
Awaous macropterus Duncker, 1912
Gobius melanocephalus M. Weber, 1913
Gobius melanocephalus De Beaufort, 1913
Chonophorus melanocephalus Herre, 1927
Chonophorus melanocephalus Fowler, 1928
Chonophorus guamensis Giltay, 1933
Awaous ocellaris Tomiyama, 1936
Awaous melanocephalus Aurich, 1938
Chonophorus melanocephalus Koumans, 1940
Awaous grammepomus Koumans, 1941

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium. probably sold fresh)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, finfish, insects, benthic algae/weeds


• INDIA (Record: 1953)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Indra, TJ (1998) Fishes of Kanyakumari district with some ecological observation Zoos' Print Journal Zoos Outreach organisation India 13 31-32 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-23

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