Apistus carinatus   (Bloch and Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Scorpaeniformes
Family:Apistidae

Image copyright: Zuberbuhler, T.

Description
Size: 16.5-20 cm.

Color: Bluish grey in color, belly pale, large black spot on rear half of spinous dorsal.

Height 3-3.7, 4.2-4.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.3-2.9, 3-4.3 in length with caudal. Eye 3.9-5, 1-1.6 in snout. Interorbital space concave, 1.1-2.2 in eye. Two bony ridges, close together and parallel to each other on interorbital space, slightly diverging on occiput. Preorbital with two small spines directed downwards and somewhat forwards, and a strong sword-like spine, directed backwards and reaching to below middle of eye. Hind border of preopercle with a strong, short spine, and a shorter one below it. Two divergent ridges on opercle, each ending in a spine. A long slender tentacle on chin at symphysis of lower jaw, and a similar tentacle on middle of each lower jaw. About 4 rows of scales before dorsal. Origin of dorsal above posterior half of opercle. First dorsal spine slightly shorter than second. Spines increasing in length to the fourth which equals snout and eye. Fourth to eleventh spines sub equal. Twelfth to fourteenth spines decreasing in length, the fourteenth shorter than the first spine. Fifteenth spine again as long as fourth spine, or between second and third spine in length. Dorsal rays forked. Anal spines increasing in length from first to third which is slightly shorter or longer than first dorsal spine. Anal rays forked. Pectorals much pointed, the superior rays longest and reaching to posterior half of soft anal or beyond. Detached pectoral rays as long as head without snout, or half length of snout longer, and about as long as pointed ventrals. Caudal slightly rounded. Body totally covered with small scales which are three or four lobed along their hind border, each lobe with a median ridge and ending in a point. Dorsal spines (total): 14-16, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10, Anal spines: 3 - 4, Anal soft rays: 6 - 8.

When disturbed, it spreads its long pectoral fins with the bright upper color to deter predators. It uses its fins to corner prey and has sensitive barbels below the mouth to detect those buried in the substrate. Fin spines venomous (anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland)

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Apistus carenatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Apistus faurei Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
Apistus israelitarum Cuvier, 1829
Apistus alatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Apistus alatus Bleeker, 1851
Apistus alatus Gunther, 1860
Apistus israelitarum Klunzinger, 1870
Apistus carinatus Day, 1875
Apistus alatus Bleeker, 1879
Apistus alatus Klunzinger, 1884
Apistus alatus Rutter, 1897
Apistus evolans Jordan and Starks, 1913
Apistus carinatus McCulloch, 1915
Apistus carinatus Fowler and Bean, 1922
Hypodytes carinatus McCulloch, 1929
Apistus carinatus Matsubara, 1943
Apistus carinatus Blegvad, 1944
Apistus alatus Boeseman, 1947
Apistus carinatus J. L. B. Smith, 1950
Apistus alatus Herre, 1952

Common Name (s)
• Sulky (English)
• Ocellated Waspfish (English)
• Long Finned Waspfish (English)
• Bullrout (English)
• Bearded Waspfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-02-22

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