Aphareus rutilans   Cuvier,  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: John E. Randall

Size: 110 cm.

Max. published weight: 11.3 kg

Color: Generally blue-gray or mauve to overall reddish, fins yellowish to reddish except pelvic and anal fins which are sometimes whitish, margin of maxilla black.

Maxilla extending to below middle of eye, inter orbital space flattened. Dorsal and anal fins without scales. Height 3.3-3.7, 4.3-4.9 in length with caudal. Head 3-3.1, 4-4.2 in length with caudal. Eye 4.1-4.4, 1.2-1.5 in snout and slightly more than nearly flat inter orbital space. Mouth large, oblique. Chin prominent. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of pupil or nearly to below hind border of eye. A few rows of small teeth anteriorly in the upper jaw, on row in lower jaw and on sides of upper jaw. No teeth on palate. Scales beginning on head above posterior part of eyes with a median triangular prolongation, the point of which is directed forward, and wedged in between two supra temporal scaly patches. Eight transverse rows of scales on preoperculum, the posterior and inferior limb of which is naked. Hind border of preoperculum denticulate in young, merely rough in older specimens. 23 scales before dorsal. Dorsal spines rather weak, flexible but pungent. First spine short. Third spine equal to postorbital part of head. Last dorsal ray extended, nearly equal to snout and eye together. First anal spine shorter than second. Third spine somewhat longer than second, nearly equal to horizontal diameter of eye. Last anal ray extended, as long as last dorsal ray. Pectorals pointed, falcate, less than half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals equal to snout and eye together. Caudal deeply forked. Least height of caudal peduncle about twice in its length 30-33 lanceolate gillrakers on lower branch of first arch and 16-18 on upper branch. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8.

Dioecious, batch spawner, external fertilization, non-guarders of eggs

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Labrus rutilans Cuvier, 1830
Aphareus rutilans Ruppell, 1835
Aphareus rutilans Klunzinger, 1884
Aphareus furcatus Bleeker, 1873
Aphareus rutilans Day, 1889
Aphareus thompsoni Fowler, 1923
Aphareus thompsoni Jordan, 1925
Aphareus (Fares) rutilans Jordan, 1927
Aphareus rutilans Fowler, 1931

Common Name (s)
• Rusty Job Fish (English)
• Rusty Small-thoothed Jobfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, game fish)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, squids, cuttlefish, other finfish


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • (1982) A colour guide to the fishes of the south China sea and the Andaman sea Seafood Industries Association, Singapore Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

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