Aphareus furca   Lacepede,  1802 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyright: Randall, JE

Max. size: 70.0 cm TL

Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8. Lower jaw protruding, maxilla extending to below middle of the eye, interorbital space flattened. Dorsal and anal fins without scales. Edges of preopercle and opercle outlined with black. A silvery sheen on head and lower sides. Pectoral fins long reaching to about level of anus. Back and upper sides purplish -brown, the sides blue-gray, the fins whitish to yellow-brown. May show bright yellow on the nape during courtship. Small juveniles have a yellow caudal fin. Individuals with brilliant yellow on head may be nuptial males.

Dioecious, batch spawner, external fertilization, non guarders of eggs.

Reports of ciguatera poisoning.

Synonym (s)
Aphareus caerulescens Cuvier 1830
(Junior synonym)
Aphareus flavivultus Jenkins 1901
(Junior synonym)
Aphareus furca Lacepede 1801
(New combination)
Aphareus furcatus Lacepede 1801
Caranxomorus sacrestinus Lacepede 1803
(Junior synonym)
Labrus furca Lacepede 1801
(Original combination)

Common Name (s)
• Smalltoothed Job Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, game fish
Causes ciguatera poisoning)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Crabs, bony fish such as Plagiostremus goslinei


Literature Source(s)
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org

Page last updated on:2013-02-22

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