Anyperodon leucogrammicus   (Valenciennes,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: bfar

Size: 52-65 cm.

Color: Brownish with 3 to 5 bluish or white stripes on body, three of which reach caudal. Head, sides of body, dorsal and caudal with more or less numerous rounded brown spots. In full-grown specimens these stripes and spots become indistinct or disappear.

Height 3.4-3.6 in length, 3.75 to more than 4 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-2.8 in length, 3.75 to more than 4 in length with caudal. Head 2.6-2.8 in length, more than thrice in length with caudal. Eyes 6-6.5 in head, 1.5 to 1.8 times in length of snout, interorbital space half or more their diameter. Maxillary surpassing hind border of eye. Origin of dorsal above base of pectorals, its moderate spines increase in size from the second to the fifth, which is the longest and equal about 1/4 to 1/3 the length of the head and is longer than the longest soft rays, the remaining spines are shorter than the rounded soft portion. Anal of similar structure, its second and third spine usually subequal and rather strong. Pectorals with 16 rays, about equal to post-ocular part of head and somewhat longer than ventrals, which are inserted below base of pectorals and have a strong spine. Least height of caudal peduncle equals its length. Juveniles with alternating blue and red stripes and 1or 2 black spots at caudal base. The distinctive blue and gold striped juveniles are mimics of the wrasse Halichoeres purpurescens. Juveniles mimic some of the small lined wrasses of the genus Halichoeres or dark damsels in surge zones. This allows the species to approach their preys. Dorsal spines (total): 11-11, Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 8-9.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders of eggs.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Epinephelus corallicola (non Valenciennes, 1828)
(Misapplied name)
Serranus leucogrammicus Valenciennes, 1828
(Senior synonym)
Serranus micronotatus Ruppell, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Serranus urophthalmus Bleeker, 1855
(Junior synonym)
Serranus teucogrammicus Bleeker, 1849
Anyperodon leucogrammicus Gunther, 1859
Epinephelus leucogrammicus Bleeker, 1863
Anyperodon leucogrammicus Playfair and Gunther, 1867
Anyperodon leucogrammicus Bleeker, 1876
Anyperodon leucogrammicus Sauvage, 1891
Anhyperodon leucogrammicus Boulenger, 1895
Anyperodon leucogramicus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Anyperodon leucogammicus (Valenciennes, 1828)
Anyperodon leucogramicus (Valenciennes, 1828)
Anyperodon leucogrammiscus (Valenciennes, 1828)

Common Name (s)
• Chewa (Bengali)
• Balala (English)
• Slender Rockcod (English)
• Whiteline Group (English)
• Whitelined Cod (English)
• White Lined Grouper (English)
• White Lined Rockcod (English)
• Slender Grouper (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, game fish)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, bony fishes like goat fish, other benthic invertebrates such as Calcarina sp.


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • (2007) Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-20

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