Antennarius hispidus   (Bloch and Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Max. size: 20.0 cm TL

Color: Ground color of head and body light-tan with narrow blackish brown streaks. All fins with blackish-brown spots.

Height 1.8, 2.6 in length with caudal. Head 1.7, 2.4 in length with caudal. Eye 8.7, equal to snout and 1.6 in interorbital space. Mouth almost vertical. Sharp, pointed teeth in a single row in sides of upper and lower jaw, in several rows near symphysis, where many of the teeth are slender, depressible caninoids. Similar teeth in two patches on vomer and in an elongate patch on palatines. Lower border of iris with a rounded projection, covering part of the pupil. First dorsal spine (illicium) longer than second spine, articulating on a short peduncle in front of second dorsal, in rest bent backwards and fitting with its enlarged, arborescent end in a smooth skinned pit behind second dorsal spine. Second dorsal spine somewhat shorter than third spine which is more or less pressed to the body by its posterior membrane. Dorsal rays subequal, with exception of the two posterior rays which are shorter, the longest rays half length of head, the three posterior rays forked, the rest simple. Anal rounded, all rays forked, the median rays longest and somewhat longer than dorsal rays. Brachial part of pectorals much shorter than the rayed part which is about as long as snout and eye. Ventrals with the 4 anterior rays simple, the last one deeply forked. Caudal rounded, the rays forked. Least height of caudal peduncle equal to length of peduncle. Head, body, and tail densely covered with generally bifid spines which are long and slender. Area of lateral line smooth, from behind eye to below middle of soft dorsal, bordered by pairs of short, arborescent tentacles. Dorsal spines (total): 3-3, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-13, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 7. First dorsal spine about the same length as the 2nd dorsal spine, with a large tuff of filaments. Illicium longer than next dorsal fin ray with small rounded to elongate esca. Attains 45 cm SL.

Dioecious, oviparous, eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil', external fertilization, non guarders of eggs, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Chironectes lophotes Cuvier, 1817
Chironectes hispidus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1837
Antennarius hispidus Cantor, 1850
Antennarius hispidus Bleeker, 1852
Antennarius hispidus Gunther, 1861
Antennarius hispidus Bleeker, 1865
Antennarius hispidus Day, 1876
Antennarius hispidus Gunther, 1876
Antennarius hispidus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Antennarius hispidus Annandale and Jenkins, 1910
Antennarius hispidus Barnard, 1927
Antennarius hispidus Fowler, 1928
Antennarius hispidus Chevey, 1932
Antennarius hispidus Fowler, 1934
Antennarius hispidus J. L. B. Smith, 1950
Antennarius hispidus Munro, 1955
Antennarius hispidus Schultz, 1957
Chironectes hispidus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Lophius hispidus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Common Name (s)
• Zebra Frogfish (English)
• Shaggy Angler (English)
• Fishing Frog (English)
• Common Frogfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Bony fish


• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at -
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Ranking of fishes harvested from creeks at Dahanu in west coast of India AFSIB, Mangalore and AoA, Bhubaneswar 319-326 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Garpe, KC and Ohman, MC (2003) Coral and fish distribution patterns in Mafia Island marine park Tanzania fish habitat interactions Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 498 191-211 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Starfish Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-29

Back to Search