Amphiprion ephippium   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Fenner, R.

Size: 14 cm TL (male).

Color: Orange with a black blotch below the anterior portion of the soft dorsal fin which varies in size from about twice the eye diameter to almost covering whole posterior half of the body. Juveniles lack the black blotch but have a white bar running just behind the head.

Height 1.8-2.1, 2-2.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.7-3, 3.3-4 in length with caudal. Length of head 1.1-1.3 in its length. Eye 3.1-4.1, 1-1.6 in snout and 1-1.4 in slightly convex inter orbital space. Mouth oblique, maxillary not or hardly reaching to below front border of eye. Strong conical teeth in a single row in both jaws. Suborbital, preopercle, interopercle, subopercle and opercle strongly serrated, but lower border of preopercle and interopercle smooth. All opercular bones scaly. Preopercular limb naked. Scales reaching on head to a line connecting front borders of eyes. 25-30 rows of scales before dorsal. Dorsal spines subequal, the first one only somewhat shorter. Last spine equal to snout and about of same height as first dorsal ray. Soft dorsal somewhat pointed behind. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is as long as tenth dorsal spine. Soft anal of same depth as soft dorsal, but somewhat more rounded behind. Pectorals rounded, as long as head. Ventrals about as long as pectorals. Caudal rounded or obliquely truncated. Lateral body shape short and/or deep. Dorsal spines (total): 10-11, Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 13-14.

Protandrous, external fertilization, guarders of eggs.

Max. age reported: 16 years

Associated with the anemones: Entacmaea quadricolor, Heteractis crispa and Heteractis magnifica.

Has been reared in captivity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Amphiprion calliops Schultz, 1966
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion ephippium Bloch, 1790
(Senior synonym)
Lutjanus ephippium Bloch, 1790
(Senior synonym)
Amphiprion calliops Schultz, 1966
Lutianus ephippium Bloch, 1790
Amphiprion ephippium Bloch Schneider, 1801
Lutjanus ephippium Lacepede, 1802
Amphiprion ephippium Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Amphiprion ephippium Schlegel and Muller, 1841
Amphiprion ephippium Bleeker, 1855
Amphiprion frenatus Brevoort, 1856
Amphiprion frenatus Gill, 1860
Amphiprion tricolor Gunther, 1862
Prochilus ephippium Bleeker, 1865
Prochilus polylepis Bleeker, 1877
Amphiprion ephippium Day, 1877
Prochilus polylepis Bleeker, 1877
Amphiprion tricolor Macleary, 1881
Amphiprion ephippium var. tricolor Gunther, 1881
Amphiprion ephippium Day, 1889
Amphiprion frenatus Jordan and Snyder, 1902
Amphiprion frenatus Snyder, 1912
Amphiprion ephippium Ahl, 1925
Amphiprion frenatus Montalban, 1927
Amphiprion polylepis Fowler and Bean, 1928
Amphiprion ephippium Fowler, 1928
Amphiprion tricolor McCulloch, 1929
Amphiprion ephippium Verwey, 1930
Amphiprion macrostoma Chevey, 1932

Common Name (s)
• Saddle Anemonefish (English)
• Red Saddleback Anemonefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Plants, benthic algae/weeds, zooplankton, other planktonic invertebrates


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Ariel Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mayabunder INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Marine Hill INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Coriyaghat INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Rao, DV and Devi, K (2004) A pictorial guide to butterfly and anemone fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 76 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-08

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