Trachypenaeus curvirostris   (Stimpson,  1860) (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: National Digital Archive Program

Max. size: 81 mm TL (male), 98 mm TL (female); max. carapace length: 22 mm (male), 30 mm (female).

Color: Body pink to reddish brown, sometimes whitish on sides; abdominal crest whitish; pereopods white with some pink; pleopods white with red patches or reddish brown; uropods bright red to reddish brown, sometimes dark brown with distinct white margins.

Entire body densely pubescent. Rostrum armed with 7 to 11 dorsal teeth, reaching distal half of second antennular article or little beyond, usually uptilted, straight or upcurved; cervical groove very feeble; hepatic groove discernible; longitudinal suture short; ptery-gostomian angle blunt or sharp; abdomen with a small median tubercle on second segment and a middorsal crest on last 4 segments; telson armed with 3 or 4 pairs of small movable lateral spines subequal in size; epipod present on first 3 pereopods; fifth pereopod usually well exceeding antennular peduncle, but in some populations reaching only second article of it. Petasma (in males) with broad, wing-like distolateral projections, directed laterally and curved dorsoventrally; distomedian projections small, curved ventrally. In females, anterior plate of thelycum concave anteriorly, with a middle groove posteriorly and a bluntly pointed anterior margin; posterior date notched anteromedially. In fertilized specimens the groove can be hidden and the notch obliterated; coxae of 4th pereopods often with a small projection, always densely fringed with setae.

Synonym (s)
Penaeus curvirostris Stimpson, 1860
Penaeus longipes Paulson, 1875
Parapenaeus curvirostris M.J. Rathbun, 1902
Trachypeneus asper Alcock, 1905
Metapenaeus curvirostris Nobili, 1906
Metapenaeus palaestinensis Steinitz, 1932
Trachypenaeus curvirostris malaiana Balss, 1933
Trachypeneus (Trachysalambria) curvirostris Burkenroad, 1934
Trachypeneus (Trachysalambria) curvirostris malaiana Burkenroad, 1959
Trachypeneus (Trachysalambria) curvirostris palaestinensis Burkenroad, 1950
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Ramadan, 1938
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Dall, 1957
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Kunju, 1960
Trachypenaeus curvirostris Hall, 1961

Common Name (s)
• Southern Rough Shrimp (English)
• Rough Shrimp
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(fisheries; Marketed mostly fresh, dried or cooked. )

Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Muddy


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Kerala, Off Ponnani (Lat: 10.58) (Long: 75.33) INDIA (Depth: 64-73.15 mts)
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Depth: 10.97-12.80 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Abdulqader, EAA (1999) The role of shallow waters in the life cycle of the Bahrain penaeid shrimps Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 49 115-121 Available at - Zoological Records (Bahrain marine)
  • Jones, S The crustacean fishery resources of India Proceedings on the symposium on crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp 1328-1339 Available at - CASMB, Parangipettai
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dineshbabu, AP (2003) Fishery and some biological aspects of penaeid shrimps along Saurashtra region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 195-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at -
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Chavan, V; Chandramohan, D; Kulkarni, V and Kavlekar, D (1998) Marine prawns of India NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • George, MJ (1966) On a collection of Penaeid prawns from the offshore waters of the south-west coast of India Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 337-346 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at -
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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