Solenocera crassicornis   (H.Milne Edwards, 1837 [in Milne Edwards,  1834-1840]) (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Solenoceridae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: Males 9 cm TL; females, 14 cm TL.

Color: Body, pereopods and pleopods reddish-orange to red; posterior margin of each abdominal segment darker; antennae, pleopods and uropods uniform red.

Body hairless except at base of rostrum; rostrum reaching to distal margin of eye or little beyond, armed with 8 to 10 (12) dorsal teeth; its ventral margin slightly convex or straight; postrostral crest low and rounded, reaching posterior margin of carapace; cervical groove deep, reaching to, or nearly to, dorsal midline; postorbital spine present; suprahepatic and branchiostegal spines absent; pterygostomian angle unarmed; hepatic crest curved ventrally on anterior part, delimiting a broadly rounded loop slightly behind frontal margin of carapace; branchiocardic crest slightly sinuous and sloping anteroventrally; telson unarmed, not trifurcate; fifth pereopod without a coxal spine.


Synonym (s)
Penaeus crassicornis Milne-Edwards, 1837
(Senior synonym)
Solenocera indicus Nataraj, 1945
(Junior synonym)
Solenocera kuboi Hall, 1956
(Junior synonym)
Solenocera sinensis Yu, 1937
(Junior synonym)
Solenocera subnuda Kubo, 1949
(Junior synonym)
Solenocera indica Nataraj, 1945

Common Name (s)
• Coastal Mud Shrimp (English)
• Lal Kolmi
• Rath Kolmi
• Coastal Mud Prawn (English)
• Rani karikadi
• Goiner
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Coastal
Predator:  Bonyfish (Otolithes cuvieri)

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai (Lat: 13.09) (Long: 80.29) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada (Lat: 16.93) (Long: 82.22) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Application of habitat index to shrimps, harvested from Dahanu creek region Environment Conservation Journal 3 3(3) 67-70 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hassan, AM (1978) Shrimps of the coastal water of Iraq and Kuwait with the description of two new species of the genus Metapenaeus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 57(3) 385-390 Available at - ZOOR:ZOOR11500018326
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
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  • Dineshbabu, AP (2003) Fishery and some biological aspects of penaeid shrimps along Saurashtra region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 195-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Muthu, MS and Kathirvel, M (1983) Penaeid prawn resources and potential for prawn culture Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 54-60 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3454/1/3.pdf
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-14

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