Penaeus monodon   Fabricius, J.C.,  1798 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Description
Size: 254-279 mm.

Color: Dark blue to almost black with dark bands across carapace and abdomen; pleopods and uropods tipped blue, a pair of broad dark bands on each abdominal somite. Pleopods fringed with bright red setae. Pattern of colour variable.

Rostrum with 7-8/2-3 teeth, usually 7/3 sigmoid in shape in juveniles and adults, surpassing antennular peduncle in length. Adrostral carina reaching almost to epigastric tooth. Post rostral carina often more or less with feeble indications of a sulcus, carina reaching almost to the posterior edge of carapace. Gastro-orbital carina occupying posterior one-third to half distance between post-orbital margin of carapace and hepatic spine. Hepatic carina prominent, anterior half horizontal, the posterior often diverging very slightly below horizontal axis; distinctly separated from the base of antennal carina, which ends above middle of hepatic carina. Hepatic sulcus not well defined. Ischial spine on 1st pereopod; no exopod on 5th pereopod.
In petasma, the median anterior lobe small, separated from the laterals by a shallow notch, not projecting as far as lateral lobes. Lateral lobes without distal setae, but with distolateral irregular group of ossicles greatly variable in number. In thelycum, the length of anterior plate twice its breadth, anterior rounded portion concave, posterior bluntly pointed portion inserted between flaps of seminal receptacle for 2/5 of their length. Seminal receptacle circular; flaps forming turgid, reflected lips on mid line; with smooth inner edges in impregnated females.


Synonym (s)
Panaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798
Penaeus carinatus Kemp, 1915
Peneus semisulcatus Alcock, 1906
Penaeus bubulus Kubo, 1949
Penaeus monodon Racek, 1965
Penaeus carinatus Dana, 1852
Penaeus monodon George, 1969
Penaeus caeruleus Stebbing, 1905
Peneus carinatus Schmitt, 1926

Common Name (s)
• Jumbo Tiger Prawn (English)
• Tiger Prawn (English)
• Black Tiger (English)
• Jumbo Tiger Shrimp (English)
• Patta Jumbo
• Giant Tiger Prawn (English)
• Kara chemmeen (Malayalam)
• Bagda Chingdi
• Yera
• Kara Chemmeen
• Shetli
• Shingde
• Jinga
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Harpacticoid copepods, parts of brachyurans, mulluscs, parts of fish, polychaetes and vegetable matter

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Canning, Nikarighat INDIA (Record: 21/07/1988)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ennur Backwaters INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.73) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 05/12/1985, 27/06/1986, 28/06/1986)
• Orissa, Rambha INDIA (Record: 15/06/1986)
• Orissa, Barakul INDIA (Record: 13/09/1987)
• West Bengal, Netidhopani INDIA (Record: 04/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Sandeshkhali INDIA (Record: 12/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Dhanchi INDIA (Record: 10/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Kerala, Valapattanam River (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 75.36) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Marine Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chaouldari INDIA
• INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada (Lat: 16.93) (Long: 82.22) INDIA

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