Penaeus merguiensis   De Man,  1888 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: KGT group

Description
Max. size: Length 240 mm.

Rostrum with 5-8/2-5 teeth, in the dorsals the proximal five close together, penultimate and distal teeth widely separated. In juvenile stages the rostrum long, slender and upcurving, 1 1/2 to 2 times the length of carapace but becoming shorter as it does not keep up with increasing body size. In specimens of 80 mm, it equals the length of carapace, almost straight with higher blade but in further larger specimens it becomes shorter than carapace, not exceeding 2nd segment of antennular peduncle with higher blade and broadly triangular in form. Adrostral carina usually ending between 1st and 2nd teeth.
Carapace glabrous, thin, with sulci and carinae feebly defined. Gastro-orbital carina absent and if present it is feeble and occupying 1/3 distance between hepatic spine and post-orbital margin; orbito-antennal sulcus wide and ill defined; antennal carina ending in front of hepatic spine, hepatic carina absent. Ischial spine present on 1st pereopod.
In petasma, the median distal projections not over hanging lateral lobes, distal tip of lateral lobe minutely serrate, outer surface of lobe with larger number of minute conical teeth. In thelycum, anterior plate slightly concave, one-fourth the length of seminal receptacle, with posterior convex projection inserted between flaps of seminal receptacle. Seminal receptacle round with two flaps forming turgid lips on midline.
Has a characteristic deltoid crest at the base of the rostrum which is usually reddish in colour with darker margins, in adults.


Synonym (s)
Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (De Man, 1888)
Penaeus indicus merguiensis De Man, 1888
Peneus indicus var. merguiensis Alcock, 1906
Penaeus merguiensis George, 1969
Penaeus merguiensis De Man, 1888
Penaeus indicus Bate, 1888
Peneus merguiensis Schmitt, 1926
Penaeus indicus var. merguiensis De Man, 1892
Peneus indicus var. merguiensis Block, 1906

Common Name (s)
• Banana Prawn (English)
• White Jumbo
• Banana Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Kakinada INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 03/01/1985)
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 19/12/1986)
• West Bengal, Netidhopani INDIA (Record: 31/08/1987, 04/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Sandeshkhali INDIA (Record: 12/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Dhanchi INDIA (Record: 10/03/1989)
• West Bengal, Bhangaduni Island INDIA (Record: 12/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sippighat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Palar Lal INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Marine Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Corbyn's Cove INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Wright Myo INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chaouldari INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vengurla INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vijaydurg INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-02-03

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