Penaeus japonicus   Bate,  1888 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium

Description
Max. size: Length 270 mm

Rostrum with not more than 1 ventral tooth and without any accessory pair of carinae on its blade. Adrostral carina reaching almost to posterior border of carapace, adrostral sulcus narrower than posterior carina, post rostral carina sulcate, sulcus on post rostral carina more than 1/2 length of carapace; gastro-frontal carina present, gastro-frontal sulcus with bifurcate posterior end. No ischial spine on 1st pereopod; telson armed usually with 3 pairs of spinules. Thelycum with apex of anterior plate rounded; seminal receptacle cylindrical, not closed by 2 flaps.


Synonym (s)
Penaeus canaliculatus var. japonicus Bate, 1888
Peneus canaliculatus Alcock, 1906
Penaeus japonicus George, 1969
Penaeus japonicus Nobili, 1906
Penaeus canaliculatus Ortmann, 1890

Common Name (s)
• Kurma Prawn (English)
• Kurma
• Kuruma Prawn
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai inshore INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Chhota Mollakhali INDIA (Record: 07/04/1985)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1998) Mangrove invertebrates view Zoos' Print Journal Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore 14(2) 27-29 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • (1982) A colour guide to the fishes of the south China sea and the Andaman sea Seafood Industries Association, Singapore Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Prawns and shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 289-314 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dineshbabu, AP (2003) Fishery and some biological aspects of penaeid shrimps along Saurashtra region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 195-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • (2006) Seafood Choices Available at - http://seafood.nmmba.gov.tw/seafood_en/Default.aspx
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-03

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