Parapenaeopsis tenella   (Bate,  1888) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Max. size: male 42 mm TL, female 67 mm TL; max. carapace length male 16.5 mm, female 19 mm.

Epigastric spine absent. Anterior plate of thelycum with V-shaped posterior edge and two accessory ridges on anterior edges of posterior plate. Rostrum with proximal 1/3 rising from carapace, remainder more or less horizontal. The disto-lateral projections are slender and downward.


Synonym (s)
Parapenaeopsis tenella (Bate, 1888)
(Senior synonym)
Metapenaeus crucifer (Ortmann, 1890)
(Junior synonym)
Metapenaeus tenellus (Bate, 1888)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeus crucifer Ortmann, 1890
(Junior synonym)
Penaeus tenellus Bate, 1888
(Senior synonym)
Metapenaeus crucifer Alcock, 1905

Common Name (s)
• Smoothshell Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Coastal
Predator:  Bonyfish (Caranx bucculentus)

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Palk Strait INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• PAKISTAN
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Chavan, V; Chandramohan, D; Kulkarni, V and Kavlekar, D (1998) Marine prawns of India NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI) Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/prawns/Index.htm
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2746/1/Article_39.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Muthu, MS and Kathirvel, M (1983) Penaeid prawn resources and potential for prawn culture Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 54-60 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-28

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