Parapenaeopsis maxillipedo [Status Unaccepted]   Alcock,  1905 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Max. size: 121 mm TL.

Color: Usually grey, sometimes pale brown; rostrum and postrostral crest dark brown; abdomen with dorsal transverse dark bands; pereopods brownish; pleopods red to brown; uropods greenish to red-brown with a pale stripe along margins.

Rostrum straight, tip uptilted, generally toothless on distal 1/4, reaching from middle of second to distal margin of third antennular article and armed with 8 to 11 (usually 9 or 10) dorsal teeth; epigastric tooth present; postrostral crest reaching, or almost, posterior margin of carapace; longitudinal suture reaching 1/3 to 1/2 of carapace length; antennular flagella 0.35 to 0.55 times the length of carapace; epipod present on first and second pereopods; basial sine resent on first 3 pairs of pereopods; telson unarmed. Petasma (in males) with long and slender, horn-like distolateral projections, diverging proximally and curving inward distally, without small dorsal spiniform processes; distomedian projections extremely small. In females, anterior plate of thelycum subquadrate, posteriorly depressed and medially fused to posterior plate, the latter with a pair of lateral depressions and a median boss; a median tuft of long setae (hairs) behind the thelycum.


Synonym (s)
Parapenaeopsis cornuta maxillipedo Racek & Dall, 1965

Common Name (s)
• Torpedo Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, dried or cooked. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Shanghumugham INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Chavan, V; Chandramohan, D; Kulkarni, V and Kavlekar, D (1998) Marine prawns of India NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI) Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/prawns/Index.htm
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2746/1/Article_39.pdf
  • Mohamed, KH and Rao, PV (1971) Estuarine phase in the life history of the commercial prawns of the west coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 13(2) 49-161 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1558/1/Mohamed_149-161.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
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Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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