Parapenaeopsis stylifera   (H. Milne Edwards,  1837) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Description
Max. size: 140-145 mm in length.

Color: Body brownish green, sides and appendages are scarlet red.

Rostrum is sigmoid with a proximal crest bearing 5-6 teeth along with epigastric, the distal portion styliform and edentate, strongly upcurved, projecting much beyond the tip of antennular peduncle. Post rostral carina distinct almost extending to posterior border of carapace. A fine longitudinal suture running from orbit to the gastric and a short transverse suture extending across the branchiostegite at the level of the 3rd pair of legs. Orbital spine small, post-ocular sulcus moderately deep at an angle of 45˚ to rostrum. Cervical sulcus shallow and short, not quite reaching longitudinal suture. Antennal spine prominent, antennal carina ending below hepatic spine. Hepatic sulcus is very clear and is horizontal in its anterior1/4; hepatic carina distinct for lower 1/2 sulcus from below hepatic spine to the sharp pterygostomian angle. Mastigobranchiae and basial spines on first two pereopods. Telson with 2 or more pairs of conspicuous subapical fixed spines.
Antennular flagella slightly longer than carapace in both sexes and subequal.
Petasma simple and tubular; the distolateral projections slender, horn like and straight, directed anterolaterally with ventral openings; distomedian projections small and curved ventrally. Proximal lateral enlargements of petasma of moderate size and evenly rounded.
Thelycum consists of a large concave and square anterior median plate, posterior extension as a slender stem like process. Lateral plates smaller, fused posteriorly, each with an anteromedian indentation corresponding to a knob-like posterior process of the anterior lobe.

It is heterosexual. Eggs and larvae are reported from 18-23 m water depths on Malabar coast. All stages including juveniles in the inshore areas; no estuarine phase. Sexual maturity is at 65 mm in males, 70 mm in females.


Synonym (s)
Parapenaeopsis stylifera coromandelica Alcock, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Parapenaeopsis stylifera stylifera (Milne Edwards, 1837)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeopsis stylifera (Milne Edwards, 1837)
(Senior synonym)
Panaeus styliferus H. Milne Edwards, 1837
Parapeneopsis stylifera Alcock, 1906
Parapeneopsis stylifera George, 1969
Penaeopsis stylifera Bate, 1881
Penaeus styliferus Milne Edwards, 1837

Common Name (s)
• Shrimp (English)
• Kiddi Shrimp (English)
• Kolmi
• Kiddi Prawn (English)
• Karikadi
• Karikadi Chemmeen (Malayalam)
• Karkari
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, frozen, dried, canned and as prawn meat or pulp. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small crustaceans
Predator:  Johnius dussumieri, Otolithes cuvieri

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Kerala, Trivandrum Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 23/04/1985, 24/04/1985)
• West Bengal, Netidhopani INDIA (Record: 20/04/1985)
• Kerala, Alappuzha INDIA
• Kerala, Ambalappuzha INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary, Mankule INDIA (Record: 1989-1990)
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• South East Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

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