Metapenaeus monoceros   (Fabricius, J.C.,  1798) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: Maximum total length 15 cm (males); 20 cm (females).

Color: Body pink, green-greyish or whitish with brown specks; rostral and middorsal abdominal crests brown; antennae red; pereopods and pleopods of same colour as body, sometimes more intensely pink; distal part of uropods purple-blue, external margin of exopods red.

Body covered with a harsh and very short tomentum. Rostrum nearly straight, uptilted, reaching neraly to, or a little beyond, the tip of the antennular peduncle; armed with dorsally 9-12 teeth, which do not form a crest. Post-rostral carina continued to, or almost to, the posterior border of the carapace. Anterolateral angles of carapace broadly rounded off. A very small supra-orbital spine present. Almost entire body pubescent, pubescence restricted to dorsal part of carapace and abdominal patches; postrostral crest reaching posterior margin of carapace or nearly so; adrostral crest ending behind second rostral tooth, adrostral groove behind epigastric tooth; branchiocardiac ridge sinuous, reaching posterior extension of hepatic spine; telson armed only with spinules; a small ischial spine on first pereopod. In adult males, merus of fifth pereopod with a proximal notch followed by a long, inwardly curved spiniform process and a row of tubercles; distomedian projections of petasma convoluted, greatly swollen, bulbiform, directed anterolaterally and concealing distolateral projections in ventral view. In females, anterior plate of thelycum long and deeply grooved; lateral plates with strongly raised lateral margins forming 2 longitudinal crests. Eyes very large; slightly surpassed by the antennular scale. The outer antennular flagellum which is slightly longer than the inner is not much more than half the length of its peduncle. The petasma is quite symmetrical. In the adult it consists of two rigid segments tightly folded in all their lengths interlocked all along their anterior margin, and in close apposition along a great part of their posterior margin, so as to form a compressed tube.


Synonym (s)
Penaeus monoceros Fabricius, 1798
Metapeneus monoceros Alcock, 1906
Penaeopsis monoceros Kemp, 1915
Metapenaeus monoceros George, 1969
Penaeopsis monoceros (Fabricius, 1798)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeus monocerus Fabricius, 1798
(Senior synonym)
Metapenaeus cognatus Nobili, 1904
Metapenaeus deschampsi Nobili, 1903a
Penaeopsis spinulicauda Stebbing, 1914b

Common Name (s)
• Speckled Shrimp (English)
• Honye chingri (Hindi)
• Koraney chingri (Hindi)
• Kapsi
• Choodan Chemmeen
• Jinga
• Sonayya Jacha
• Indian Prawn (English)
• Speckled Prawn
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, frozen, canned, peeled, cooked or fried in paste; small size shrimps are also used as bait. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Predator:  Fishes (Johnius dussumieri, Saurida tumbil, Terapon jarbua)

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Rambha INDIA (Record: 15/06/1986, 04/09/1987)
• Orissa, Pathara INDIA (Record: 16/06/1986)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 18/06/1986, 23/06/1986, 24/06/1986)
• Orissa, Nalabana Island INDIA (Record: 19/06/1986)
• Orissa, off Balugaon INDIA (Record: 20/06/1986)
• Orissa, Balugaon INDIA (Record: 20/04/1986)
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 27/06/1986, 29/06/1986, 23/09/1987)
• Orissa, Barakul INDIA (Record: 13/09/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Red Sea
• Bay of Bengal
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Off Mumbai INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi estuary INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary INDIA
• INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vengurla INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vijaydurg INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Orissa, off Bhasra Munda INDIA (Record: 22/06/1986)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa, Barakul Panthanivas INDIA (Record: 18/06/1986)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Orissa INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada (Lat: 16.93) (Long: 82.22) INDIA

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