Metapenaeus lysianassa   (De Man,  1888a) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: Bioinformatics Centre, NIO, Goa

Max. size: 5.5 cm TL (male); 8.8 cm TL (female).

Color: Body, pereapods and pleopods pale yellow with grey specks; antennae and distal part of uropods grey.

Almost entire body pubescent; rostrum very short, reaching as far as middle of first antennular article and armed with 6 or 7 teeth along entire dorsal margin, rostral crest high; postrostral ridge ending near posterior margin of carapace; adrostral crest and groove reaching as far as third rostral tooth; branchiocardiac groove not reaching to middle of carapace; telson armed only with spinules; ischial spine on first pereopod absent or minute. In adult males, merus of fifth pereopod with a proximal notch followed by a large, slightly arcuate triangular tooth; distolateral projections of petasma bifurcate distally; distomedian projections with a minute filament on their median margins. In females, anterior and lateral plates of thelycum subequalin size, anterior plate tongue-like and grooved, osterior plates suboval with thick median margins; impregnated fertilized specimens with white conjoined pads on thelycum.

Synonym (s)
Penaeus lysianassa De Man, 1888
Metapeneus lysianassa Alcock, 1906
Metapenaeus lysianassa George, 1969
Penaeopsis lysianassa De Man, 1911
Metapenaeus lysianassa malaccaensis Hall, 1962
Penaeopsis lysianassa (De Man, 1888)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeus lysianassa De Man, 1888
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Bird Shrimp (English)
• Nird shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or dried. )

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy


• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Harwood Point INDIA (Record: 28/02/1982, 28/03/1982)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sagar Island (Lat: 21.72) (Long: 88.1) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa (Lat: 19.33) (Long: 85.67) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kakdwip INDIA (Record: 04/04/1982, 29/11/1982, 16/03/1983)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island, Mandirtola INDIA (Record: 14/04/1983)
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Budhakhali INDIA (Record: 07/12/1983)
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 19/12/1983)
• West Bengal, Namkhana INDIA (Record: 31/12/1983)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island, Chemaguri INDIA (Record: 10/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 01/01/1985, 23/04/1985, 24/04/1985, 04/03/1989)
• West Bengal, Sonakhali INDIA (Record: 02/04/1985)
• West Bengal, Basanti, Purandar INDIA (Record: 05/04/1985, 05/04/1987)
• West Bengal, Sandeshkhali INDIA (Record: 18/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Hingalganj, Nazat INDIA (Record: 19/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Canning, Belekhali INDIA (Record: 17/03/1987)
• West Bengal, Mathurapur, Raidighi INDIA (Record: 03/07/1987)
• West Bengal, Mayadwip, Saimari INDIA (Record: 23/08/1987)
• West Bengal, Canning, Herobhanga INDIA (Record: 11/10/1988, 21/02/1989)
• West Bengal, Saznekhali INDIA (Record: 14/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tennyson creek INDIA (Record: 10/02/1978 -18/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur, Lakshmipuranalla INDIA (Record: 17/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock INDIA (Record: 24/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA (Record: 01/03/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Corbyn's Cove INDIA (Record: 02/03/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sippighat INDIA (Record: 10/03/1978 - 18/04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Junglighat INDIA (Record: 18/04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mayabunder INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• South West Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at -
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Kathiresan, k (2000) A review of studies on Pichavaram mangrove, southeast India Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands 430 108-205 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Prawns and shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 289-314 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Achuthankutty, CT; Chavan, V; Chandramohan, D; Kulkarni, V and Kavlekar, D (1998) Marine prawns of India NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at -
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silas, EG and Muthu, MS and Kathirvel, M (1983) Penaeid prawn resources and potential for prawn culture Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 54-60 Available at -
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at -
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-02

Back to Search