Metapenaeus brevicornis   (H.Milne Edwards, 1837 [in Milne Edwards,   1834-1840]) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Size: Length 130-152 mm; weight 10-15 g.

Color: Flesh colored with brown spots more densely placed on telson and uropods.

Body not, or very little tomentose; rostrum is curved with a decided crest bearing 7 teeth, reaches the distal end of basal segment of antennular peduncle. Antennal spine is weak and not continued as a well marked post-antennular ridge, so that the post-antennular groove is shallow. A strong spine present on the basis of all 3 pairs of chelipeds. Ischial spine present on 1st pereodods. In petasma, the two halves form a compressed tube ending in a pair of simple spouts, each of which carries near its middle a filament. Thelycum concave, its median lobe is shaped like a figure of eight, the posterior portion being encircled by the flat crescent-shaped lateral lobes, the anterior portion being embraced between the processes of the 4th thoracic sternum. The telson shorter than the inner caudal swimmeret and has no marginal spines. The outer antennular flagellum is nearly as long as the peduncle. There is a strong antrorse spine on the basis of all three pairs of chelipeds. Ischial spine present on 1st pereopod. The petasma is symmetrical and consists of two halves lightly folded in all their length, interlocked all along their anterior margin and in close apposition along a great part of their posterior margin so as to form a compressed tube. The thelycum is concave; its median lobe is shaped like a figure of eight, the anterior portion being embraced between processes of the antepenultimate thoracic sternum, the posterior portion being embraced by the flat crescent-shaped lateral lobes.


Synonym (s)
Penaeus avirostris Dana, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Penaeus brevicornis Milne-Edwards, 1837
(Senior synonym)
Metapenaeus avirostris (Dana, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Penaeopsis avirostris (Dana, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Penaeopsis brevicornis (Milne Edwards, 1837)
(Senior synonym)
Metapeneus brevicornis Alcock, 1906
Panaeopsis brevicornis Kemp, 1918
Metapenaeus brevicornis George, 1969
Metapenaeus avirostris Nobili, 1903
Penaeopsis brevicornis De Man, 1911
Penaeopsis avirostris De Man, 1911
Metapenaeus brevicornis Burkenroad, 1934
Penaeopsis avirostris Balss, 1914

Common Name (s)
• Yellow Shrimp (English)
• Dhanbone chingri (Hindi)
• Yellow prawn (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Fisheries, exported canned or frozen; also sold as paste or shrimp meal. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane Bassein Creek System (Lat: 19.17) (Long: 72.92) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Mooriganga INDIA (Record: 11/11/1979)
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Hugli River INDIA (Record: 14/11/1979)
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 19/12/1983, 21/12/1983, 19/12/1986)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Rashaskhali INDIA (Record: 16/08/1984)
• West Bengal, Hingalganj, Nazat INDIA (Record: 19/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Jambu Island INDIA (Record: 20/12/1986)
• West Bengal, Kultali, Kishorimohanpur INDIA (Record: 08/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 04/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Arabian Sea
• PAKISTAN
• West Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Ganges Delta INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary, Mankule INDIA (Record: 1989-1990)
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Corbyn's Cove INDIA (Record: 02/03/1978)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chaouldari INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tennyson creek INDIA (Record: 10/02/1978 -18/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur, Lakshmipuranalla INDIA (Record: 17/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock INDIA (Record: 24/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA (Record: 01/03/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sippighat INDIA (Record: 10/03/1978 - 18/04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Junglighat INDIA (Record: 18/04/1978)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• West Bengal INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Application of habitat index to shrimps, harvested from Dahanu creek region Environment Conservation Journal 3 3(3) 67-70 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mahmood, N and Zafar, M (1990) Occurrence and abundance of four commercially important penaeid post larvae in the estuarine waters of Satkhira, Bangladesh Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 33(3) 110-114 Available at - Zoological Records (Bangladesh)
  • Fauchald, K (1992) A review of the genus Eunice (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) based upon type material Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 523 1-422 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Krishnamurti, AJ and Nair, VR (1999) Concentration of metals in shrimps and crabs Thane-Bassein creek system, Maharashtra Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 92-95 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Prawns and shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 289-314 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dineshbabu, AP (2003) Fishery and some biological aspects of penaeid shrimps along Saurashtra region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 195-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Paulinose, VT; Devi, CBL; Govindan, K; Gajbhiye, SN and Nair, VR (2004) The larvae of decapods and fishes of Amba estuary, Maharashtra Large marine ecosystems: Exploration and exploitation for sustainable development and conservation on fish stocks, ed. by: Somvanshi, V.S. Fishery Survey of India 515-525 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/1121
  • Gajbhiye, SN; Mehta, P; Mustafa, S and Nair, VR (1995) A case study on the impact of industrial effluents disposal on the fisheries of Amba river estuary, Maharastra Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 25-38 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/2319
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Qasim, SZ (2005) Food production from major estuaries of India Journal of Indian Ocean studies Society for Indian Ocean studies 13(1) 120-131 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silas, EG and Muthu, MS (1976) Notes on a collection of Penaeid prawns from the Andamans Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 18(1) 78-90 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1459/1/Silas_78-90.pdf
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2746/1/Article_39.pdf
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Muthu, MS and Kathirvel, M (1983) Penaeid prawn resources and potential for prawn culture Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 54-60 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Genus Metapenaeus Wood-Mason & Alcock 1981 Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 77-125 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2004) Crustacean fishery resources of coastal West Bengal and their conservation issues Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 71-80 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2009) Fishery resources in arid zone mangroves in gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, northwest coast of India Journal of Ocean University of China Springer 8(3) 233-240 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-009-0233-3
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-02

Back to Search