Metapenaeus brevicornis   (H.Milne Edwards, 1837 [in Milne Edwards,   1834-1840]) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Length 130-152 mm; weight 10-15 g.

Color: Flesh colored with brown spots more densely placed on telson and uropods.

Body not, or very little tomentose; rostrum is curved with a decided crest bearing 7 teeth, reaches the distal end of basal segment of antennular peduncle. Antennal spine is weak and not continued as a well marked post-antennular ridge, so that the post-antennular groove is shallow. A strong spine present on the basis of all 3 pairs of chelipeds. Ischial spine present on 1st pereodods. In petasma, the two halves form a compressed tube ending in a pair of simple spouts, each of which carries near its middle a filament. Thelycum concave, its median lobe is shaped like a figure of eight, the posterior portion being encircled by the flat crescent-shaped lateral lobes, the anterior portion being embraced between the processes of the 4th thoracic sternum. The telson shorter than the inner caudal swimmeret and has no marginal spines. The outer antennular flagellum is nearly as long as the peduncle. There is a strong antrorse spine on the basis of all three pairs of chelipeds. Ischial spine present on 1st pereopod. The petasma is symmetrical and consists of two halves lightly folded in all their length, interlocked all along their anterior margin and in close apposition along a great part of their posterior margin so as to form a compressed tube. The thelycum is concave; its median lobe is shaped like a figure of eight, the anterior portion being embraced between processes of the antepenultimate thoracic sternum, the posterior portion being embraced by the flat crescent-shaped lateral lobes.

Synonym (s)
Penaeus avirostris Dana, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Penaeus brevicornis Milne-Edwards, 1837
(Senior synonym)
Metapenaeus avirostris (Dana, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Penaeopsis avirostris (Dana, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Penaeopsis brevicornis (Milne Edwards, 1837)
(Senior synonym)
Metapeneus brevicornis Alcock, 1906
Panaeopsis brevicornis Kemp, 1918
Metapenaeus brevicornis George, 1969
Metapenaeus avirostris Nobili, 1903
Penaeopsis brevicornis De Man, 1911
Penaeopsis avirostris De Man, 1911
Metapenaeus brevicornis Burkenroad, 1934
Penaeopsis avirostris Balss, 1914

Common Name (s)
• Yellow Shrimp (English)
• Dhanbone chingri (Hindi)
• Yellow prawn (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
(Fisheries, exported canned or frozen; also sold as paste or shrimp meal. )

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal


• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane Bassein Creek System (Lat: 19.17) (Long: 72.92) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Mooriganga INDIA (Record: 11/11/1979)
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Hugli River INDIA (Record: 14/11/1979)
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 19/12/1983, 21/12/1983, 19/12/1986)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Rashaskhali INDIA (Record: 16/08/1984)
• West Bengal, Hingalganj, Nazat INDIA (Record: 19/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Jambu Island INDIA (Record: 20/12/1986)
• West Bengal, Kultali, Kishorimohanpur INDIA (Record: 08/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 04/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Arabian Sea
• West Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Ganges Delta INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary, Mankule INDIA (Record: 1989-1990)
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Corbyn's Cove INDIA (Record: 02/03/1978)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chaouldari INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Tennyson creek INDIA (Record: 10/02/1978 -18/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Diglipur, Lakshmipuranalla INDIA (Record: 17/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock INDIA (Record: 24/02/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA (Record: 01/03/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sippighat INDIA (Record: 10/03/1978 - 18/04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Junglighat INDIA (Record: 18/04/1978)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• West Bengal INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• East Coast INDIA

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