Metapenaeus affinis   (H.Milne Edwards, 1837 [in Milne Edwards,  1834-1840]) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max. size: Length 180 mm.

Color: Bluish green over a translucent body.

Body tomentose; rostrum more curved, less uptilted. Generally almost entire body pubescent, rarely partly or completely hairless; rostrum armed with 8 to 11 teeth along entire dorsal margin, slightly sinuous and reaching from proximal to distal margin of third antennular article, or exceeding it; postrostral ridge ending near posterior margin of carapace; adrostral crest ending behind second rostral tooth, and adrostral groove a little behind epigastric tooth; branchiocardiac ridge slightly sinuous and reaching posterior extension of hepatic spine; telson armed only with spinules and without marginal spines and shorter than endopod of uropod; ischial spine on first pereopod present or absent. In adult males, merus of fifth pereopod with a proximal notch, followed by a twisted, keeled tubercle; distomedian projections of petasma crescent-shaped, leaning on distolateral projections and concealing them partly or completely; distolateral projections directed anterolaterally. In females, anterior plate of thelycum deeply grooved longitudinally and considerably wider posteriorly; posterior transverse ridge with 2 anterolateral rounded projections partly covering lateral plates; impregnated (fertilized) specimens occasionally with white conjoined pads on thelycum. Eyes very large, slightly surpassed by antennular scale. Petasma symmetrical.

It is a heterosexual species.


Synonym (s)
Metapenaeus necopinans Hall, 1956
(Junior synonym)
Parapenaeus affinis (Milne Edwards, 1837)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeopsis affinis (Milne Edwards, 1837)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeus mutatus Lanchester, 1901
(Junior synonym)
Metapenaeus mutatus (Lanchester, 1901)
(Junior synonym)
Penaeus affinis Milne-Edwards, 1837
(Senior synonym)
Metapeneus affinis Alcock, 1906
Penaeopsis affinis Kemp, 1915
Metapenaeus affinis George, 1969
Parapenaeus affinis M.J. Rathbun, 1902
Metapenaeus mutatus Nobili, 1903
Penaeopsis affinis De Man, 1911
Metapenaeus affinis Burkenroad, 1934
Metapenaeus mutatus Hall, 1961

Common Name (s)
• Jinga Shrimp (English)
• Chingri (Hindi)
• Jinga (Hindi)
• Kazhantan Chemeen (Hindi)
• Medium Jinga
• Jinga Prawn (English)
• Kal eral
• kazhanthan Chemmeen (Malayalam)
• Indian Prawn (English)
• Medium Sumadi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed mostly fresh and frozen; also canned, peeled and cooked, sundried or as paste or shrimp meal. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Predator:  Johnius dussumieri, Otolithes cuvieri

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.03) (Long: 79.78) INDIA
• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kali Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Harwood Point INDIA (Record: 28/02/1982, 28/03/1982)
• West Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal, Kakdwip INDIA (Record: 04/04/1982, 29/11/1982, 16/03/1983, 10/05/1986)
• West Bengal, Canning, Nikarighat INDIA (Record: 05/05/1982)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 03/01/1985, 04/03/1989)
• West Bengal, Sandeshkhali INDIA (Record: 18/06/1986, 08/11/1988, 12/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Hingalganj, Kalinagar INDIA (Record: 20/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Canning, Belekhali INDIA (Record: 17/03/1987)
• West Bengal, Canning, Hinachakhali INDIA (Record: 22/09/1987)
• West Bengal, Mathurapur, Raidighi INDIA (Record: 03/07/1987)
• West Bengal, Canning, Nikarighat INDIA (Record: 21/07/1988)
• West Bengal, Canning, Dabu INDIA (Record: 11/10/1988)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Dhanchi INDIA (Record: 10/03/1989)
• West Bengal, Saznekhali INDIA (Record: 14/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove INDIA (Record: 04/1980-03/1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Arabian Sea
• PAKISTAN
• West Coast INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary, Mankule INDIA (Record: 09/1989)
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Off Mumbai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Corbyn's Cove INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sippighat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Wright Myo INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Marine Bay INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mayabunder INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• North West Coast INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Gujarat, Little Rann of Kachchh INDIA

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