Metapenaeopsis stridulans   (Alcock,  1905) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max. size: 100 mm.

Color: White to reddish-brown, with red to dark brown mottlings; pereopods pinkish to dark red except on their proximal parts; uropods red to brown except for their proximal third and often their tips.

Body densely pubescent. Rostrum low, usually straight, directed forward or slightly upward, reaching to, or almost to, tip of antennular peduncle and armed with 7 or 8 dorsal teeth, the penultimate tooth generally anterior to orbital margin of carapace; stridulating organ (on posterior part of carapace) consisting of 5 to 7 very strong ridges in a wide, straight band at 4/10 of carapace depth; middorsal crest on third abdominal segment with a usually broad groove. Petasma (in males) asymmetrical, right distoventral projection shorter and bearing a few small apical processes, left distoventral projection with 5 to 12 larger apical processes; in dorsal view: inner intermediate strip (i.i.s.) broadly quadrangular, disto-median lobule (d.l.) slightly shorter, but much broader distally than i.i.s. In females, thelycal plate subquadrate with rounded corners and slightly wider than long; intermediate plate broadly trapezoidal, much wider than long, flat or with a shallow median groove; coxal plates of fourth pereopods smaller than thelycal plate.


Synonym (s)
Metapenaeus stridulans Alcock, 1905
(Senior synonym)
Penaeopsis stridulans (Alcock, 1905)
(Senior synonym)
Penaeopsis stridulans de Man, 1911
Metapenaeopsis stridulans Hall, 1962

Common Name (s)
• Fiddler Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, dried or cooked)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Muddy

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 09/1995-05/2000)
• Arabian Sea
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Wright Myo INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Wright Myo INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Abdulqader, EAA (1999) The role of shallow waters in the life cycle of the Bahrain penaeid shrimps Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 49 115-121 Available at - Zoological Records (Bahrain marine)
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dineshbabu, AP (2003) Fishery and some biological aspects of penaeid shrimps along Saurashtra region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 195-207 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Muthu, MS (1976) Notes on a collection of Penaeid prawns from the Andamans Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 18(1) 78-90 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1459/1/Silas_78-90.pdf
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2746/1/Article_39.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Muthu, MS and Kathirvel, M (1983) Penaeid prawn resources and potential for prawn culture Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 54-60 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3454/1/3.pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-14

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