Nematopalaemon tenuipes   (Henderson,  1893) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Palaemonidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Max. size: 70 mm TL.

Color: Whitish translucent with distal part of rostrum dark reddish brown; some reddish brown color on antennae, antennules and distal margins of uropods and telson; also a reddish brown spot on bases of uropods.

Branchiostegal spine present, situated on, or slightly behind, anterior margin of carapace. Endopod of first pleopod of male without well developed appendix internal. Fifth pair of peropods with transverse rows of hairs on distal part of posterior margin. Rostrum with an elevated basal dorsal crest of tooth. Pleura of fifth abdominal segment rounded. Dactylus of last 3 pairs of pereopods very strongly lengthened, longer than carpus and propodus together. Branchiostegal groove absent from carapace. Most of distal parts of dorsal margins toothless save for small subdistal tooth, ventral margin with 2 to 6 teeth. Rostrum long and slender, with an elevated basal crest of 4 to 7 teeth over the eye.


Synonym (s)
Palaemon (Nematopalaemon) tenuipes Holthuis, 1950
Palaemon luzonensis Blanco, 1939
Leander luzonensis Blanco, 1939
(Junior synonym)
Leander tenuipes Henderson, 1893
(Senior synonym)
Palaemon tenuipes (Henderson, 1893)

Common Name (s)
• Spider Prawn (English)
• Tiny Prawn
• Safed Kolmi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Thane Bassein Creek System (Lat: 19.17) (Long: 72.92) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Application of habitat index to shrimps, harvested from Dahanu creek region Environment Conservation Journal 3 3(3) 67-70 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chace, FA Jr. and Bruce, AJ (1993) The caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) of the Albatross Philippine Expedition, 1907-1910, part 6: Superfamily Palaemonoidea Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C 543 152 pp Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Krishnamurti, AJ and Nair, VR (1999) Concentration of metals in shrimps and crabs Thane-Bassein creek system, Maharashtra Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 92-95 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Zynudheen, AA; Ninan, G; Sen, A and Badonia, R (2004) Utilization of trawl bycatch in Gujarat (India) NAGA, WorldFish Center Quarterly WorldFish Center 27(3 & 4) 20-23 Available at - http://www.worldfishcenter.org/naga/naga27-3n4/pdf/article03.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3454/1/3.pdf
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2004) Crustacean fishery resources of coastal West Bengal and their conservation issues Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 71-80 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

Back to Search