Exopalaemon styliferus   (H. Milne Edwards,  1840) (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: 90 mm TL; ovigerous females 68-86 mm.

Color: Whitish translucent, with distal part of rostrum dark reddish brown and some darker spots on tips of uropods and telson. Ovigerous females with large dark spots on first 4 abdominal pleura. Eggs of berried females yellowish.

Rostrum armed with 5-7 teeth on basal crest, 1-3 dorsal subterminal teeth, and 6-10 ventral teeth; antennular peduncle with distolateral spine on basal segment barely over reaching adjacent distal margin of segment, free part of shorter branch of dorsolateral flagellum several times as long as fused part; and pereopod with dactylus no more than half as long as propodus. Four posterior abdominal somites not sharply carinate in dorsal mid-line.

Synonym (s)
Leander longirostris Henderson, 1893
Palaemon (Exopalaemon) styliferus Holthuis, 1950
Palaemon styliferus Milne-Edwards, 1840
(Senior synonym)
Palemon longirostris H. Milne Edwards, 1837
Leander styliferus (Milne-Edwards, 1840)
(Senior synonym)
Palemon styliferus H. Milne Edwards, 1840
Leander styliferus Kemp, 1917
Exopalaemon styliferus Chace & Bruce, 1993
Leander styliferus Chopra, 1939
Leander styliferus (H. Milne Edwards, 1840)
Palaemon styliferus H. Milne Edwards, 1840

Common Name (s)
• Roshna Prawn (English)
• Ghora Chingri
• Roshna
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed mainly fresh, dried or as shrimp paste. )

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Harwood Point INDIA (Record: 17/10/1979, 06/03/1980, 26/04/1980, 28/02/1982, 28/03/1982)
• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 28/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Mooriganga INDIA (Record: 11/11/1979)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island, Chemaguri INDIA (Record: 15/10/1979, 10/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Diamond Harbour INDIA (Record: 15/01/1980)
• West Bengal, Canning, Nikarighat INDIA (Record: 05/05/1982, 25/02/1985)
• West Bengal, Kakdwip INDIA (Record: 10/10/1982, 11/11/1982, 29/11/1982)
• West Bengal, Namkhana INDIA (Record: 20/03/1983, 31/12/1983)
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 19/12/1983, 21/12/1983)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island, Phuldubi INDIA (Record: 11/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 02/01/1985)
• West Bengal, Basanti, Purandar INDIA (Record: 05/04/1985, 05/04/1987)
• West Bengal, Sudhanyakhali INDIA (Record: 17/04/1985)
• West Bengal, Canning INDIA (Record: 03/04/1986, 12/06/1986, 11/10/1988,21/02/1989)
• West Bengal, Hingalganj, Nazat INDIA (Record: 19/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Jambu Island INDIA (Record: 20/12/1986)
• West Bengal, Kultali, Deulbari INDIA (Record: 14/02/1987)
• West Bengal, Canning, Belekhali INDIA (Record: 17/03/1987)
• West Bengal, Netidhopani INDIA (Record: 31/08/1987)
• West Bengal, Gosaba, Kachukhali INDIA (Record: 02/12/1987)
• West Bengal, Sandeshkhali INDIA (Record: 08/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Kultali, Kishorimohanpur INDIA (Record: 08/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Dhanchi INDIA (Record: 10/03/1989)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• West Bengal, Kolkata INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Haora INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ghosh, TK (2002) Application of habitat index to shrimps, harvested from Dahanu creek region Environment Conservation Journal 3 3(3) 67-70 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chace, FA Jr. and Bruce, AJ (1993) The caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) of the Albatross Philippine Expedition, 1907-1910, part 6: Superfamily Palaemonoidea Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C 543 152 pp Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Salman, SD and Bishop, JM (1990) Exopalaemon styliferus (H. Milne-Edwards, 1840) in the northern Arabian Gulf and the inland waters of Iraq (Decapoda, Caridea, Palaemonidae) Crustaceana (Leiden) 59(3) 281-288 Available at - ZOOR:ZOOR12700030595
  • Zafar, M; Mustafa, MG and Nurul, ASM (2000) Some aspects of population dynamics of Exopalaemon styliferus from Bangladesh coast Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 43(1) 55-59 Available at - Zoological Records (Bangladesh)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Crustacea: Decapoda Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 367-389 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Prawns and shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 289-314 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Nair, VR; Govindan, K; Ramaiah, N and Gajbhiye, SN (1993) Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 91-103 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2779/2/J_Indian_Fish_Assoc_23_91.pdf
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2004) Crustacean fishery resources of coastal West Bengal and their conservation issues Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 71-80 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-03

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