Acetes erythraeus   Nobili,  1905a (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: FAO

Max. size: Females 30 mm; males 20 mm.

Color: In life, whole body almost transparent. Milky or yellowish when dead.

In the females the antennular flagellum is 14 to 18 segmented. In the genital area the third thoracic sternite is trapezoid in ventral view; its anterior part is elevated with a small protuberance on either side.

In the males the lower antennular flagellum is 14 to 16 segmented; the first segment of the main branch has 3-5 basal and 1 marginal spinules and a swelling; the next 3 segments bear 1-2, 1-3, and 3-4 spinules respectively; there is 1 clasping spine which has many tubercles on the inner surface. The coxa of the third pereiopod may or may not have a tooth on the distal inner margin. At the outer margin of the capitulum of the petasma, there is 1 very large hook proximally and a little beyond it there are often 1-2 hooks of considerable size; besides them, there are many minute hooks on the surface from near the proximal hook to the distal end. The appendix masculina bears 3-4 hooks.

There is a large procurved tooth between the bases of the first pleopods in both females and males. There are 1-3 red spots on the endopod of uropod.

Synonym (s)
Acetes erythraeus Nobili, 1905
(Senior synonym)
Acetes erythraeus Kemp, 1917
Acetes erythraeus George, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Tsivakihini Paste Shrimp (English)
• Phool Chingri
• Paste Shrimp
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Benthic, Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal


• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Kerala, Off Trivandrum INDIA
• West Bengal, Halliday Island INDIA (Record: 01/09/1987)
• West Bengal, Saznekhali INDIA (Record: 03/11/1988)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Red Sea
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 06/1968)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Mohammad, Z and Nurul, SMA (2002) Population dynamics of Acetes erythraeus (Nobili, 1905) in the Kutubdia Channel of Bangladesh Indian Journal of Fisheries 49(2) 141-146 Available at - Zoological Records (Bangladesh)
  • Panikkar, NK (1973) Hand book to the international zooplankton collections Volume. 5 Indian Ocean Biological Center 5 1-210 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Jones, S The crustacean fishery resources of India Proceedings on the symposium on crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp 1328-1339 Available at - CASMB, Parangipettai
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Prawns and shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 289-314 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at -
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Omori, M (1975) The systematics, biogeography, and fishery of epipelagic shrimps of the genus Acetes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Sergestidae) Bulletin of the Ocean Research Institute University of Tokyo Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo 7 1-91 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mohamed, KH and Rao, PV (1971) Estuarine phase in the life history of the commercial prawns of the west coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 13(2) 49-161 Available at -
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at -
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at -
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at -
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2004) Crustacean fishery resources of coastal West Bengal and their conservation issues Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 71-80 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

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