Frontonia leucas   (Ehrenberg, 1833) Ehrenberg,  1838 (Ciliata)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Oligohymenophorea

Image copyrights: Protist Information Server

Length: 150-600 ┬Ám.

Elongate, may be large. The anterior is not wider than the posterior. The oral aperture is small with well-defined pre- and postoral sutures. There is a large macronucleus with three micronulei. Single contractile vacuole with 12 long, distinctive radiating canals. Trichocysts are fine and plentiful.

Synonym (s)
Bursaria leucas Carter, 1856
Bursaria leucas Ehrenberg, 1838
Cyrtostomum leucas Stein., 1859
Frontonia leucas Bhatia & Mullick, 1930
Frontonia leucas Biitschli, 1887
Frontonia leucas Claparede & Lachmann, 1858
Frontonia leucas Kahl, 1930
Frontonia vernalis Ehrenberg, 1838
Pannophrys (Bursaria) lecus Stein., 1859
Panophrys (Bursaria) leucas Dujardin, 1841
Panophrys (Bursaria) vernalis Dujardin, 1841
Panophrys (Bursaria) vernalis Stein., 1867
Panophrys chrysalis Dujardin, 1841

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Orissa, Khallikote INDIA (Record: 6/9/1987)
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Bhatia, BL (1936) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Protozoa Taylor and Francis, LTD, Fleet Street, London 493 pp
  • Nandi, NC; Das, AK and Sarkar, NC (1993) Protozoa fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(1-2) 83-101 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Carey, PG (1992) Marine interstitial ciliates-An iilustrated key 334 PP Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, AK (1995) Protozoa Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 137-209 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-02

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