Grus leucogeranus   (Pallas,  1773) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Gruiformes
Family:Gruidae

Image copyright: pbase

Description
Length 1.4 m; wingspans of 2.1 to 2.3 m; weigh 4.9 to 8.6 kg.

Color: Adults can be identified by their white plumage with the exception of the primaries, which are black. Located on the forecrown, forehead, face, and side of the head is a featherless cap which is brick red in color. Young cranes do not have this cap, instead they have feathers in that area and their plumage is cinnamon in color. The chicks eyes are blue at hatching, changing after about six months. Adult Siberian cranes have reddish or pale yellow eye color and reddish-pink legs and toes.

It is difficult to distinguish males from females because they are similar in appearance; however, males tend to be slightly larger than females.

A unique characteristic is their serrated bill, which aids in catching slippery prey and assists with feeding on underground roots.

Breeding season: Breeding occurs from May to August. Eggs-2 in number and both male and female incubate the egg.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Siberian Crane (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Ecosystem balance
(In general, Siberian cranes are omnivores in their eating habits affecting the wetland areas they reside in by feeding on plant roots and shoots. Additionally, these cranes host parasites, such as tapeworms (Cestoda) and capillarids)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  nsects, small mammals, snails, worms, fish, and cranberries
Predator:  gulls (Larus) jaegers (Stercorarius)
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography



Literature Source(s)
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Myers, P; Espinosa, R; Parr, CS; Jones, T; Hammond, GS and Dewey, TA (2006) Animal diversity web Available at - http://animaldiversity.org.

Page last updated on:2013-03-07

Back to Search