Grus monacha   (Temminck,   1835) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyright: pbase

Size: 97 cm

A dark slaty-gray crane with red fore crown; distinctive white head and about three-quarters of the neck ("hood"); black forehead and lores; bill greenish-yellow; iris orange-red; and legs blackish-brown.

Voice: Loud krurrk or kurr

Habits: Hunts in open land and marshes, keep in small during migration

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Hooded Crane (English)
• Woinumal
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The key threats are wetland loss and degradation in its wintering grounds as a result of reclamation for development and dam building, pesticide poisoning, increased levels of human disturbance and over-fishing. Some poaching and hunting of breeding birds occurs.)

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable



Literature Source(s)
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • European environmental agency Available at -
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • Global Available at -
  • PBase Available at -

Page last updated on:2013-03-07

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