Ceryle lugubris   (Temminck,  1834) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Coraciiformes
Family:Alcedinidae

Description
Length about 11.7; tail 3; wing 5.5; tarsus .4

Coloration. Male. Crown, nape, and small nuchal crest black, sparingly streaked with white; lores and a long supercilium white, a black eye-streak from the base of the bill to the ear-coverts, connected by a narrow black line with the black gorget; an imperfect white collar; back, scapulars, and wing-coverts black edged with white; rump-feathers white, with large black spots ; primaries with outer web and terminal portion of inner black, the rest white ; secondaries white, with irregular black markings forming imperfect bars ; tail-feathers white on the basal half and on the tip, a broad black band occupying the greater part of the distal half; lower parts, with cheeks and wing-lining, white; some small elongate spots forming a malar patch; two gorgets, the upper the broader, on the breast, and spots on the flanks forming an imperfect belt, black. There are often black spot's on the throat.

Females want the posterior black gorget and the anterior is interrupted in the middle.

Bill black; iris brown; legs and feet blackish ; soles pale.

Habits: The Pied Kingfisher avoids forest, but is found haunting all waters in open country. It may be seen on tidal streams and creeks, on backwaters and even on the sea-shore, though it is more common inland on rivers, marshes, ditches, and tanks.

Behavior: It lives entirely on fish, for which it never plunges from a fixed perch, but it flies over the water, and hovers with its beak pointed downwards, at a height of frequently 15 or 20 feet above the surface, when it suspects the presence of a fish. It dives for its prey after hovering, but not unfrequently checks itself in its plunge and flies on, uttering from time to time a sharp twittering cry.

Breeding: January till April, and lays 4 to 6 white, glossy, broadly oval eggs at the end of a hole usually made in the perpendicular bank of a river.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Crested Kingfisher (English)
• Himalayan Pied Kingfisher (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Prey:  Fish
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography



Literature Source(s)
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Avibase- the world database Available at - http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org
  • Lee's Birdwatching Adventures Plus Available at - http://leesbird.com/

Page last updated on:2012-06-25

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