Ginglymostoma cirratum   (Bonnaterre,  1788) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Freitas, R

Color: Yellow-brown to grey-brown in color, with or without small dark spots and obscure dorsal saddle markings.

Moderately long barbels, nasoral grooves present but no perinasal grooves, mouth well in front of eyes, spiracles minute, precaudal tail shorter than head and body, dorsal fins broadly rounded (the first much larger than the second and anal fins), caudal fin moderately long, over 1/4 of total length. Head blunt, mouth inferior, pair of conspicuous barbels between nostrils.

Ovoviviparous with 21 to 28 young in a litter.

Synonym (s)
Ginglimostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Ginglymostoma caboverdianus Capello, 1867
Ginglymostoma fulvum Poey, 1861
Gyglinostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Squalus argus Bancroft, 1832
Squalus cirratus Bonnaterre, 1788
Squalus punctatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Squalus punctulatus Lacepede, 1800

Common Name (s)
• Nurse Shark (English)
• Sand Shark (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries; Public aquariums fish; Edible, but mainly valued for its hide, which makes extremely tough and durable leather.
May attack humans if they are molested or stepped upon accidentally; Traumatogenic.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy
Prey:  Bottom invertebrates such as spiny lobsters, shrimps, crabs, sea urchins, squids, octopi, snails and bivalves, and fishes like catfishes, mullets, puffers and stingrays.
IUCN Status:  Data Deficient


• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 01/2008-06/2009)

Literature Source(s)
  • Akhilesh, KV; Ganga, U; Pillai, NGK; Vivekanandan, E; Bineesh, KK; Shanis, CPR and Hashim, M (2011) Deep-sea fishing for chondrichthyan resources and sustainability concerns-a case study from southwest coast of India Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences NISCAIR 40(3) 347-355 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-20

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