Etmopterus lucifer   Jordan & Snyder,  1902 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Squaliformes
Family:Dalatiidae

Image copyrights: Fischer, L.G.

Description
Color: Dark grey or brown dorsally, black ventrally, with a distinct black streak above and behind pelvic fins; fins lighter; belly luminous.

Small and slender with a moderately elongate caudal peduncle and with flank denticles mostly arranged in regular rows. The base of the pelvic flank marking is under the second dorsal-fin spine, the anterior branch is usually longer than the posterior branch, and the caudal marking is considerably longer than the precaudal marking. Its luminescent belly may attract prey. Often caught in large schools which may suggest that the luminescence may also be used to keep the group together in the dark deep ocean.

Ovoviviparous.




Synonym (s)
Etmopterus abernethyi Garrick, 1957
Spinax lucifer (Jordan & Snyder, 1902)

Common Name (s)
• Blackbelly Lanternshark (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic
Prey:  Squid (reported to bite squid bigger than itself), small bony fishes, and shrimps
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 01/2008-06/2009) (Depth: 150-1250 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Akhilesh, KV; Ganga, U; Pillai, NGK; Vivekanandan, E; Bineesh, KK; Shanis, CPR and Hashim, M (2011) Deep-sea fishing for chondrichthyan resources and sustainability concerns-a case study from southwest coast of India Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences NISCAIR 40(3) 347-355 Available at - nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/.../1/IJMS%2040(3)%20347-355.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org

Page last updated on:2012-02-17

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