Monopterus albus   (Zuiew,  1793) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T.

Anguilliform body; no scales; no pectoral and pelvic fins; dorsal, caudal and anal fins confluent and reduced to a skin fold; gill openings merged into single slit underneath the head

Synonym (s)
Apterigia immaculata Basilewsky, 1855
Aptergia nigromaculata Basilewsky, 1855
Apterigia immaculata Basilewsky, 1855
Apterigia nigromaculata Basilewsky, 1855
Apterigia saccogularis Basilewsky, 1855
Fluta alba (Zuiew, 1793)
Gymnotus albus Zuiew, 1789
Monopterus alba (Zuiew, 1793)
Monopterus cinereus (McClelland, 1844)
Monopterus helvolus Richardson, 1846
Monopterus javanensis Lacepède, 1800
Monopterus laevis (Lacepède, 1803)
Monopterus marmoratus Richardson, 1846
Monopterus xanthognathus (Richardson, 1845)
Muraena alba Zuiew, 1793
Ophicardia phayriana McClelland, 1844
Ophicardia phyariana McClelland, 1844
Ophicardia phyariana McClelland, 1844
Ophicardia xanthognatha (Richardson, 1845)
Pneumabranchus cinereus McClelland, 1844
Symbranchus grammicus Cantor, 1842
Synbranchus grammicus Cantor, 1842
Synbranchus xanthognathus Richardson, 1845
Unibranchapertura laevis Lacepède, 1803

Common Name (s)
• Ngaprum
• Rice Swampeel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh, fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium)

Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Estuarine, Muddy
Prey:  fishes, worms, crustaceans, small aquatic animals, detritus


Literature Source(s)
  • Kosygin, L; Devi, LS; Dhamendra, H (2010) Fish and Fisheries of Iril river, Manipur, with a note on conservation strategies for threatened species Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 85-92 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-19

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