Symphyllia erythraea   (Klunzinger,  1879) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Mussidae

Image copyrights: Australian Institute of Marine Science, Coral Reef Research

Description
Monocentric calices are 6-13 mm diameter. Calices are fairly rounded and thick walled, but a varied and even a high proportion of calices are di- or tri-stomodaeal. Mature calices are up to 10 mm deep and have a well formed columella. There are two orders of septa, though the thinner, second order also usually reach the columella. Septa of adjacent septa may meet, though usually there is a groove separating calices. Septal spines are large and thick. It forms nearly perfectly domed and spherical colonies up to 60 cm diameter, which also makes it conspicuous. Although this is a clear species, it has previously been regarded as a monocentric to tristomodaeal Acanthastrea.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Sinuous Cup Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/right_menu/Animal_disc/Animal%20Discovery%202010.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2011-08-24

Back to Search