Acropora variolosa   (Klunzinger,  1879) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Image copyrights: Australian Institute of Marine Science, Coral Reef Research

Description

Characters: Colonies consist of open thickets of sturdy tapered upright branches. Axial corallites are large and dome-shaped. Radial corallites are of mixed sizes, the largest being tubular and exsert, with thick walls and small openings. The coenosteum is fine.


Colour: Brown-purple with pale tips.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(Members of this genus have a low resistance and low tolerance to bleaching and disease, and are slow to recover. )
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Localized threats to corals include fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities.
)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Predator:  Acanthaster planci, the crown-of-thorns starfish
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chidiya Tapu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2011) Animal discoveries 2010 Zoological Survey of India 1-107 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/right_menu/Animal_disc/Animal%20Discovery%202010.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/

Page last updated on:2013-04-12

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