Ommastrephes bartrami [Status Unaccepted]   (Le sueur,  1821) (Squid)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order:Oegopsida
Family:Ommastrephidae

Description
Mantle nearly cylindrical and muscular; sides parallel upto origin of fins then tapers gradually to a posterior blunt point. Head is long, as wide as mantle opening and slightly tapering from base to the point of origin of oral arms. Funnel is short, heavy and muscular; funnel pit deeply excavated; faveola with six or seven longitudinal ridges and on either side of this three or four secondary pockets present. Mantle funnel locking cartilages are free and not fused. An elliptical golden stripe present along the midventral line from mantle opening to the point of fin insertion. Fins transversely rhombic in shape with a fin angle of 55-60°; the anterior margins of fin lobes slightly covex and the posterior margins slightly concave ; fins wider than long. Arms are subequal in length, the first pair being always the shortest; ventrolateral arms thickest with well developed swimming membrane. Protective membrane well developed with strong trabuculae on all arms; the dorsal membrane is wider than the ventral one. Large arm suckers bear several flattish teeth on their chitinous rings. In males either the left or right arm is hectocotylized in the distal half. Tentacles moderate and about as long as mantle in length. A fixing apparatus is present consisting of 2-4 knobs on the dorsal edge at the base of clubs; clubs elongate and slightly expanded in the middle; suckers are arranged in four rows; sudcers on the median two rows in manus are larger than the lateral ones; the chitinous rings of these large suckers bear four sharp prominent teeth, one in each quadrant interspaced with five or more small teeth. Ventral side of mantle with numerous closely packed small irregularly shaped and interconnected light organs; patches of such light organs are also present on the ventral surface of head.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Red Ocean Squid (English)
• Red Flying Squid (English)
• Neon Flying Squid (English)
• Flying Squid (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R; Rao, KS; Nair, KP and Meiyappan, MM (1985) Identity of common species of cephalopods of India Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 13-37 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7028/1/Bulletin_No_37.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R and Meiyappan, MM (1985) Oceanic Squids Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 140-145 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7028/1/Bulletin_No_37.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-12

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