Onychoteuthis banksii   (Leach,  1817) (Squid)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order:Oegopsida
Family:Onychoteuthidae

Image copyrights: IMARES/Henk Heessen

Description
Size: Max size: 30cm

Body muscular, long, cylindrical and tapering gradually to an acuminate posterior tip. Head slightly flattened dorsoventrally; the nuchal area around the neck with 9 or 10 conspicuous elongate folds. Eyes are large with wide eye-opening, a large patch-like photophore present on the ventral surface of each eye. Fins thick and muscular, sagittate in shape and distinctly wider than long; fin angle at the posterior end about 50°. Arms are moderately long, the lateral arms are longer and about half in mantle length; suckers are arranged in two rows. Tentacles are about as long as mantle; clubs not expanded and possess a fixing apparatus consisting of about 20 small fleshy cup-like suckers and pads at the base; the rest of the portion is armed with 12-23 large and strong chitinous curved hooks arranged in two rows; the lateral rows of suckers are lacking; hooks of the manus portion on the ventral margin well developed and larger; other hooks reduced in size anteriorly and posteriorly. Lateral rows of suckers are lacking. The rachidian ridge of gladius visible as a conspicuous dark-brown line through the skin along middorsal mantle surface. Two large oval-shaped light organs are present on the ventral side of intestine along its midline.


Synonym (s)
Loligo banksii Leach, 1817
(Basionym)

Common Name (s)
• Common Clubhook Squid (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(The bite of this squid is reported to be toxic and likened to the sting of a wasp in its effect.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic

Biogeography


• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R; Rao, KS; Nair, KP and Meiyappan, MM (1985) Identity of common species of cephalopods of India Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 13-37 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7028/1/Bulletin_No_37.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R and Meiyappan, MM (1985) Oceanic Squids Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 140-145 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7028/1/Bulletin_No_37.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-12

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